Completed Projects

Improved Access to Fair,Legitimate & Effective Justice in Pakistan

Funding Agency — Oxfam/Netherlnads Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Project Duration: October 2020- June 2022

Project Area: District Nowshehra and Charsadda

Project Background: 

Women and men lack access to fair, effective and legitimate justice, which is a root cause of conflict and instability. This structural injustice is influenced by multiple factors including elite manipulation, ineffective governance and inequality, further exacerbated by growing Islamic extremism. More positive developments in Pakistan include growing demands for more transparent governance, increased access to justice and more clear and concise rules for informal justice mechanisms. An example is the Mediation, Conciliation and Arbitration Bill in November 2015, which argues that in view of the tremendous backlog facing Pakistani courts, other processes which prevent conflicts and disputes from exacerbating, should be encouraged in society, and that informal justice providers need formal training, encouragement, structure and to be held accountable.4 

The proposed project builds on opportunities to foster existing positive change processes by contributing to the legal empowerment of local communities, and by building the capacity of semi-formal justice mechanisms as a viable alternative for citizens seeking justice. 


The Project would see a fully functioning legitimate, inclusive and accountable justice system with broad reach, that is responsive to the needs of women and men, boys and girls across Pakistan and within all communities, including the most vulnerable. We want to see more inclusive and legitimate justice systems gaining presence and trust within communities across the three selected provinces, and broader awareness of legal rights within the communities themselves 


Project Objective: 

The project objective is that women, youth and marginalised groups in Pakistan have more trust and confidence in a justice system that is legitimate, effective and accountable, and responsive to their needs.


The project objective will contribute to the desired impact: a justice system that is more legitimate, inclusive, effective and accountable for all, especially for vulnerable groups in the project areas of Punjab, Sindh and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.


Sub-goal 2.1: Men and women from all social groups are aware of their basic rights and fundamental freedoms and have equal means to access formal and informal justice, including only sub-goal 2.1.a: Men and women (with the support of NGOs) speak out on their rights or increasingly mobilise community members to conduct relevant and inclusive advocacy. 


Sub-goal 2.2: All justice institutions perform their tasks effectively, accountably and in better coordination, responding to the needs of citizens, including both sub-goal 2.2.a: Government adopts laws or policies in support of responsive, accountable and inclusive justice, and sub-goal 2.2.b: Formal and informal (inclusive) justice institutions and relevant authorities increasingly respond to claims from men and women in an accountable manner.


The project has three targeted outcomes: 

1. Outcome 1: By the end of 2021, citizens, with a focus on women, youth and marginalised groups, are more aware of their rights, and understand the options they have to pursue their grievances through legal and non-violent means at district and provincial levels in project areas of Punjab, Sindh and KP. (Contributing to ARC result framework sub-goal 2.1.a.) 


2. Outcome 2: By the end of 2021, the semi-formal justice sector has succeeded in strengthening linkages with the formal justice sector, and in exerting indirect pressure over the informal justice sector for more effective, accessible and legitimate justice within the project area for women, youth and marginalised groups. (Contributing to ARC result framework sub-goal 2.2.b.) 


3. Outcome 3: By the end of 2021, increased political will has been created of provincial governments towards a responsive, accountable and inclusive justice system towards the needs of women, youth and marginalised groups under the legal framework (contributing to ARC result framework sub goal 2.2.a). 

Combating to Prevent COVID-19 spread through CR WASH

Funding AgencyNorwegian Church Aid (NCA)

Project Duration: 9 months (April -Dec. 2020)

Project Area: District Swat

Project Background

The objective of this project is to complement Government’s efforts towards prevention of COVID-19 pandemic and control its rapid spread in vulnerable groups and individuals by implementing immediate and appropriate preventive measures. The project aims to implementing adequate and appropriate WASH measures to prevent the transmission of COVID 19 disease among the vulnerable communities by reducing exposure to the COVID 19 disease. The project focuses on closely linked and interrelated interventionsthat contribute to Outcome 3: Communities affected by crisis demonstrate improved hygiene practices and access life-saving WASH services appropriate and relevant to their immediate needs. One output contributes to this outcome is: Women, girls, men and boys are enabled to improve hygiene practices and have access to hygiene items to protect against WASH related health risks.

Provision of Adequate Institutional WASH facilities to fulfil the unmet needs in return areas of District Kurram

Funding Agency:            UNOCHA/PHPF
Project Duration          September 2019 -October, 2020
Project Location          District Kurram

Project Background:

According to UNHCR study, 40% of illness/ diseases are water borne in Pakistan. This situation is more deteriorated in Newly Merged Tribal Districts (NMTDs). The study further elaborated that key issues exist in water quality like bad smell, bad taste and turbidity. Due to non-availability of LHWs and Hygiene Promoters health hygiene education and trainings are hardly available to the local population. The study recommended that access to safe water can be ensured through minimizing the travel time and improving quality of available water. Awareness raising initiatives regarding safe water handling, use of water, sanitation and hygiene practices have also been recommended. The water borne diseases may be decreased by lessening the distance between water and sanitation sources. Likewise, the situation could be improved by providing water and sanitation support to the health and education facilities in the area.


The project will address the unmet needs in water, sanitation and hygiene in schools and health care facilities in Central and Lower Kurram with the aim to ensure that the return process is sustainable and the transition to longer term recovery and development is smooth. In terms of population coverage, 50,000 individuals with a gender disaggregated ratio of 15,300 women, 14,700 men, 10,200 girls and 9,800 boys recently returned/returning to the Lower and Central Kurram District will benefit from the adequate provision of WASH facilities. 

Building Resilience of Communities to Climate Change, Natural Disasters & Health Hazards

Funding Agency:     Norwegian Churach Aid (NCA)
Project Duration:     Feb- Dec, 2019
Project Location:      District Swat

Project Goal: Vulnerable Communities have enhanced capacities to adapt to climate change, natural disasters and health hazards through improved knowledge of climate adaptation actions, efficient land management, food security and access to WASH.

Outcome: Enhanced food security and health status of 1538 vulnerable farming households through improved climate change adaptation measures and better WASH services.

Enhancing Disaster Resilience of Vulnerable Rural Households

Funding Agency:            Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe/BftW/BMZ
Project Duration:           June 2018 -May, 2020
Project Location:           District Swat

Overall goal:Vulnerable and hazard prone communities show enhanced disaster and livelihood resilience. 

Specific Objective 1:

Seven vulnerable and hazard prone communities are better protected and have enhanced capacities in disaster preparedness and response. 



1.Establishing Tehsil Emergency Operation Centre (TEOC) by providing necessary equipment

2.Linking TEOC with District Emergency Operation Centre in DDMU 

3.Introduce communication channel using mobile sms for timely communication of early warning information to at risk communities 

4. Stakeholders orientation on sms usage 

5. Train local elected representatives in mainstreaming of DRR in development planning 

6. Cross learning Exhibitions on DRM good practices at provincial level which demonstrate practical community resilience by the support of local authorities 

7. Inter provincial Exposure visit of elected representatives and local authorities for cross learning 

8. Linkages development be-tween local community, elected representatives and line department for realization of CBDRM plans 

9. Sensitize local communities on the importance of organization, preparedness planning and under taking self-help initiatives to reduce vulnerabilities to disasters and distribution of DRR IEC Material 

10. Formation/revitalization of 42 village level disaster management committees (VDMCs) and cluster formation at Village Council (7 VCDMCs) 

11. CMST trainings to VDMCs 

12. Conduct Detailed Risk Assessments 

13. Facilitate communities in development of CBDRM Plans at village, consolidate the plans at VC level and integrate with local bodies ADPs. 

14.Provide training to Masons on DRR resilient construction 

15. Establish and strengthen Village and Village Council Emergency Response Teams and Link ERTs with Civil Defence and Res-cue 1122 

16. Support and operationalize inclusive School Based Disaster Risk management approach in targeted schools 

17. Strengthening of NHN district chapter for continued and effective civil society coordination 

18. Provision of Agroforestry Plants 

19. Construction of prioritized DRR mitigation infrastructure schemes as per CBDRM plan 


Specific Objective 2:Vulnerable house-holds are more food secure and better adapted to a changing climate 



1. Build capacities of farmers in erosion control, projections of changes in precipitation patterns and improved crop management practices combining indigenous knowledge through Field days (specifically focusing on crop rotation, intercropping, compost making, fruit fly control 

2. Introduction of certified seed varieties in cereals for rain fed areas/rolling topography for enhancing productivity of cereal crops, i.e. Maize and wheat 

3. Demonstration of fodder varieties for rain fed rolling topography for erosion control and tack-ling fodder shortage issues (re-seeding in sloping/uplands) 

4. Vocational skills trainings to unemployed youth and efforts made to ensure their job placement or provide self-employment opportunities. 

5. Training on tailoring and business skills 

6. Demonstration and pro-motion of high value vegetables 

7. Support to CBDRM plan construction of prioritized infrastructures contributing to food security like water ponds and irrigation channels. 

Rehabilitation of Critical WASH Facilities to Support Returnees

Funding Agency:            UNOCHA/PHPF
Project Duration:           July 2018 -July, 2019
Project Location:           District Kurram

Promoting Food and Water Security through Climate Change Adaptation in Rain fed Areas

Funding Agency:     Norwegian Churach Aid (NCA)
Project Duration:     Feb- Dec, 2018
Project Location:      District Swat

Project Goal: To build resilience of vulnerable farming community to better adapt to climate variations through adaptation strategies and actions for sustainable management of land and water resources.

Project Objective: The vulnerable farming community have successfully taken climate change adaptation measures in crop, land and water management to ensure their food security.  

Outcome 1; assessment of vulnerabilities to climate change and development of Community Adaptation Plans by the vulnerable communities at the villages level to determine their priorities regarding management of land and water resources in the wake of climate change and variability. Community will be mobilized to coordinate these plans with other organizations and line departments for implementation. Awareness sessions will be organized separately for communities, civil society and line departments on the adverse impact of climate change and adaptation approaches. Active participation of the local community, civil society organizations and government functionaries will be ensured to help the climate sensitization objective and formulation of adaptation plans and integration of adaptation options in other plans easy and implementable.

Outcome 2; is based on the capacity building of the vulnerable farming communities in adaptation practices like crop rotation, intercropping, compost making to control erosion, and enhance soil fertility. Farmer Field School Approach will be employed for improving crop management practices. Furthermore, improved drought resistant varieties will be introduced in cereals and fodder for enhancing food production on sustainable basis.

Outcome 3; consists of demonstration of innovative water retention and water storage techniques which could lead to water availability during dry spells and increase water use efficiency. The project will strengthen the adaptation and coping capacities of 25,000 people in 2 Village Councils of Kokarai ward in district Swat by providing skills and means to adapt to the climate variations for securing their food from subsistence agriculture and livestock farming.

Enhanced Resilience through Inclusive CBDRM

Funding Agency:     Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) 
Project Duration:     
June- December, 2017

Project Location:      District Swat

Enabled Environment for Right based, Inclusive development & Improved Governance

Funding Agency:     Welthungerhilfe/European Union 
Project Duration:     
August 2017- August 2022

Project Location:      District Swat & District Shangla

Project Goal:

Enhancing CSOs' contributions to governance and development processes in Pakistan.

Project Purpose.:

To contribute to an improved governance and development process and social cohesion in Pakistan.


Specific Objectives:   

Objective 1: Enhanced contribution of Pakistani CSOs in Districts Shangla and Swat with regards to local governance, accountability, social development processes at sub national and local level.

Objective 2: Improved performance of Pakistani local governments in districts Shangla and Swat as actor of local governance and development.

Expected Results:

  •  -Systematic access to quality socio-economic empowerment services is improved /enabled.
  • - Operating environment for CSOs to contribute to local democratic governance is improved.
  • - Capacities of CSOs in policy dialogues, governance and accountability are strengthened
  • - Institutional and operational capacities of local governments to execute their mandate are improved.
  • - Downward accountability and transparency of local governance towards local communities is increased.
  • - Established mechanisms to engage local governments in dialogue with sub-national and national authorities, citizens and other relevant stakeholders (multi-level governance approach), with emphasis on transparent decision-making at local levels.

WASH Rural PATS Plus

Funding Agency:     UNICEF
Project duration:      November 2016- December, 2017
Project Location:      District Shangla


District Shangla is located in the north of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, surrounded by district Batagram in the east, district Swat in the west, district Kohistan in the north and district Buner in the south. It has two Sub-divisions namely Alpurai (District Head quarter) & Puran with total 28 UCs. It has total area about 1596 sq. km with total Population of about 520,816 according to population welfare department with annual increase ratio of 3.2%.

Shangla has the lowest female literacy rate i.e. 3.7% while economically active women population is only 0.7% (DCR 1998). The disable population (one of the vulnerable groups) is very high in this region. 1998 census shows 1.9 % of the total population of Shangla is disabled, that comprise of 60% of male and 40% of female.

Majority of inhabitants especially women and children lack access to adequate sanitation facilities, forcing people to rely on open defecation. Access to latrines is still limited as majority people prefer open defecation due to lack of adaptation or behavior problems, which demands immediate attention towards hygiene promotion. Regarding sewerage and waste management system, people in 75% target locations consider the sewerage system poor. Hygiene situation in assessed village is dismal and the situation worsens with each passing day. The hygiene condition of households living in far off hamlets is more distressing as water collection is a big challenge due to long distances. Household cleanliness, washing hands during critical times and treatment of diarrhea are unknown to majority people. Common diseases in the area are diarrhea, cholera, gastro and hepatitis.

There is a network of schools for boys and girls but the water and sanitation condition in schools is dilapidated, even for girls there is no latrine facility in a number of schools.

 Project Purpose:

The purpose of the project is to reach 50,000 individuals (18,200 women, 7100 boys, 7,900 girls and 16,800 men) through hygiene promotion and ensure access to improved sanitation to 75% of the target population (37,500 individuals) by creating open defecation free environment and access to water for 10,000 people in target Union Council. It will enable the affected population to realize their right to better health through improved sanitation and hygiene and focus on reducing and preventing the incidence of WASH related diseases, especially Polio. In addition, School WASH facilities will be provided to 1,000 school children (in approximately 10 primary schools – 5 boys & 5 girls schools) to provide them the conducive and enabling environment, which will further contribute to retention of school children especially girl’s students. Through rehabilitation of WASH infrastructure in health facilities reaching an average of 2,000 individuals of the area of intervention.

Rehabilitation of Basic WASH Infrastructure in Distt. Shangla

After the devastating rain and flash flood, Provincial Disaster Management Authority launched relief operation in flood and landslide affected areas. Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Government announced compensation package for the rain affected people of the province.

The project will address the key needs identified during need assessment conducted by LASOONA. By providing comprehensive WASH package covering water, and hygiene needs of the disaster affected communities. Under the sub theme of water infrastructure 23 communal water supply schemes will be rehabilitated benefiting 2,873 households. For promotion of safe hygiene behaviors 200 hygiene session will be conducted for women and men in the target union councils. Soaps will be distributed during hygiene promotion sessions for demonstration of hand washing activity, conducted to ascertain that the people adopt learning’s’ from sessions. LASOONA will form Public health committees (for both women and men) and sub committees constituted for monitoring and supervision of construction work.  Extremely vulnerable and disadvantaged segment of the community like people with disabilities, elderly and women will be mainstreamed in the project activities. 

Provision of WASH Facilities, Central Kurram Agency, FATA

Funding Agency:            UNOCHA/PHPF
Project Duration:           July 2016 -June, 2017
Project Location:           Central Kurram Agnecy, FATA


Project Background

The emergency project aims at fulfilling the critical WASH needs of families recently returned/returning to the recently de-notified insurgency hit areas in Masozai and Alisher Zai areas of Central Kurram agency. In order to address the key needs of the community an emergency WASH project is designed that focuses on;

                Rehabilitation/revitalization of drinking water supply schemes in communities

                Revitalization of drinking water supply schemes in schools and health facilities

             Provision of safe, gender appropriate and accessible sanitation facilities such as twin latrines and hand washing pads in schools and health facilities.

                Hygiene education in communities through hygiene promotion sessions

                Hygiene promotion in schools using child to child activities and formation of WASH clubs

               Development and dissemination of IEC material focusing on hand washing at critical stages and proper use of sanitation facilities and significance of clean drinking water.

                Observe international days like global hand washing day and world toilet day.

                Water quality monitoring

The project will directly benefit 10,500 individuals with a gender disaggregated ratios of 2,945 women, 2,830 men, 2,410 girls and 2,315 boys. The action will impact positively on the situation of vulnerable groups including women, minorities, girls, boys, elderly and people with disabilities. This will be promoted through the project by ensuring involvement of vulnerable and other under-represented groups in the planning, execution and monitoring of the project.

Integrated Food Security & WASH Project

Funding Agency:      Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe (DKH) /BMZ/BFTW
Project Duration:     
May 2016– May 2018

Project Location:      District Swat

Project Background

LASOONA initiated “Integrated Food Security and WASH Project to strengthen the resilience of most vulnerable households and villages in 4 selected Union Councils of district Swat”.

For two years project, an integrated, holistic package of activities has been designed to contribute to building resilience of communities against natural disasters. The project is based on two distinct but interrelated components, i.e. food security and WASH. The food security component of the project will address issues including technical skills, low agriculture productivity, maximizing nutritional value and increasing family income to improve the household food security situation. The WASH component focuses on provision of water and sanitation facilities for extremely vulnerable women, men and children. It is envisaged that provision of sanitation facilities for the target beneficiaries will improve the health status of villages and will contribute to reduction of water and sanitation related diseases. The project will put efforts to curtail open defecation using Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach to create and sustain demand for hygiene promotion, which will also contribute to reduction of water borne diseases. Disaster resilient productive infrastructure built under the project will help in increasing productivity by enhancing water efficiency, improved accessibility and mitigating disaster risk.

Winterisation & Shelter Relief for Earthquake Affected Areas

Funding Agency:      CARE International in Pakistan/ CHAF
Project Duration:
Feb– April 2016

Project Location:     District District Swat

 Project Background:

On Monday, 26 October, 2015 (14:09:32 PST) an earth quack of 8.1 magnitude struck Pakistan with the epic entre located in Hindu Kush region in Afghanistan bordering Pakistan. The earth quack jolts were felt all over major cities of Pakistan; however northern parts of the country including Malakand and Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Bajaur and Mohmand Agency and Gilgit Baltistan region were severely hit. 

According to the PDMA report, 24 districts of KP have been affected by earth quack. Official figures of death toll have reached to 232. Approximately 1415 people got injured. Damages to infrastructure are enormous as reportedly 90,917 houses and 1424 schools have been damaged.

The winter season has already commenced in Swat district with freezing temperatures and snowfall. Reconstruction of houses is not possible until end of the winter season and transitional housing will be required. Large gaps exist at the district level and huge number of people are in need of adequate shelter and relief items, particularly those living in high altitude areas as they are more vulnerable to the cold. The priority is therefore reaching the earthquake affected people with winterization kits and emergency supplies to ensure their situation does not further deteriorate.

The government and army are responding to the situation and providing cash compensation to the affected population. Government has not launched the international appeal and as a result no primary need assessment has been conducted. Apart from this, local and NGOs are facing issues pertaining to humanitarian access.

Based on government recommendations, NGOs coordination and initial field visits; we are proposing to provide adequate transitional shelter and toolkits allowing communities to build temporary shelters alongside the cash they are receiving from the government. The transitional shelter will protect beneficiaries from the effects of winter and protection concerns that come from shared housing. The proposed project is to address immediate non-food needs of poor and vulnerable families affected from earthquake disaster benefitting 3500 men, women, boys and girls.

 The proposed project will be implemented at Tehsils Barikot, Charbagh and Babozai of District Swat where 2020 houses were reported fully damaged by district authorities. The total fully damaged reported houses 2020 includes, 984 at Tehsil Babozai, 733 at Tehsil Barikot and 303 at Tehsil Charbagh of the district.

Emergency Assistance for Earthquake affected Vulnerable Communities

Funding Agency Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe (DKH)
Project Area: Districts Shangla
Project Period: Nov-December, 2015

Project Background:

On Monday, 26 October, 2015 (14:09:32 PST) an earth quack of 8.1 magnitude struck Pakistan with the epic entre located in Hindu Kush region in Afghanistan bordering Pakistan. The earth quack jolts were felt all over major cities of Pakistan; however northern parts of the country including Malakand and Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Bajaur and Mohmand Agency and Gilgit Baltistan region were severely hit. 

According to the PDMA report, 24 districts of KP have been affected by earth quack. Official figures of death toll have reached to 232. Approximately 1415 people got injured. Damages to infrastructure are enormous as reportedly 90,917 houses and 1424 schools have been damaged.

 District Shangla is one of the worst hit districts where 49 people are reported death, 181 seriously injured and 11,502 houses damaged. Due to hilly terrain parts of the province are inaccessible and it is feared that the damages are even more than officially reported.

The government has announced monetary compensation for the families of dead, severely injured and fully and partially damaged houses, however the plan has yet to materialize, as the process of compilation of damages is slow due to rigid implementation modalities and limited technical and human resource capacities of government.

 The project specifically support the affected families in; 

  • Shelter support kits
  • Winterizations kit
  • Hygiene and Kitchen kits


The Main Activities of the Project include;

·    Assessment of villages and coordination with local authorities for verification of target villages

·    Beneficiaries identification

·    Market assessment and procurement of relief goods

·    Preparation of distribution plan and distribution of relief good

·    Post distribution monitoring 

INSPIRE-II: Institutional Support for Participatory, Inclusive & Responsive Education

Project Title:               INSPIRE-II: Institutional Support for Participatory, Inclusive & Responsive Education

Funding Agency:       CARE International/Reach Out to Asia (ROTA)
Project duration:       June 2015- September, 2017
Project Location:       District Swat

Project Background

 The target district Swat is the most populated district, with the highest population growth above the national average by 0.85 %. Unemployment is particularly affecting the Youth. Enrolment in secondary and high schools is also at a low level. District Swat has higher   unemployment rate (30%) than KPK average (26%).

In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, socio-cultural norms restrict women from going to the market place. Though they work to contribute to family well-being at their farms or by doing embroidery on shawls, they rely on men to conduct most market transactions. Thus income generation is normally attributed to men, regardless of the labor contribution of women. Limited mobility of women results in increased inability of women home based workers to interact with the markets, thus these women, despite their intensive labor earn less as the quality of their products generally may not meet changing market requirements in terms of design, particularly that of middle to high-end markets.

According to NAVTTC, approximately 6% of the youth in Pakistan acquire skills (Technical Vocational Education & Training). In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, to cater the technical and vocational education and training needs of youth, there are approximately 176 institutes, in which 47 are public and 129 privately owned. TVET sector is highly fragmented and unstructured in Pakistan and requires reforms at all levels from policy formulation to delivery. The reforms based on the principles of quality, access and relevancy have been identified under National Skill Strategy (NSS) through consultation with all the stakeholders. However, the implementation of NSS is crucial due to lack of relevant expertise and capacity at institutional level. The National Skills Strategy (NSS) aims to a paradigm from time-bound and supply led to competency-based and demand driven training in Pakistan. However little has been done so far to focus on quality of TVET institutions, revising curricula, developing competency standards and other instructional materials for quality, demand driven and competency based training in Pakistan.

The project  will provide vocational skills and entrepreneurship development to 300 young men and women through training and facilitate 100 women home based workers in the project communities; resulting in a greater impact. This will provide employment and self-employment opportunity to the poor communities and also sustain education efforts carried out by the project.

Outcome: Improved income generation in target communities through skills development of young men and women

Output 3:  Model tested for institutionalizing workforce development system at district level

Emergency WASH Program for Temporarily Displaced Persons (TDPs)

Funding Agency:      UNICEF
Project duration:      June-Dec. 2015
Project Cost:            Pak Rs. 20 million
Project Location:     Jalozai TDP Camp, Nowshehra

Project Background

LASOONA is currently providing emergency WASH services to the TDPs residing in Jalozai Camp and the data shows a significant reduction in WASH related diseases, however, due to the protracted nature of the emergency, efforts will be required to safeguard both the old and the newly expected TDPs - especially women and girls - from key public health and protection risks. Oxfam GB's November 2013 Detailed Need Assessment-DNA clearly indicates that displaced families are extremely vulnerable, particularly as they may also be recovering from previous disasters. This factor greatly contributes to the diminishing coping capacity of households and has an extremely detrimental effect on access and availability of adequate nutrition intake and safe drinking water for households. In this respect the most vulnerable include pregnant women, new-born infants and children, who are all at high risk.

This project has been designed to provide the most critical WASH needs of the TDP families, as it has been coordinated and agreed with Shura members, camp management, PDMA, FDMA and WASH cluster for the future of this major TDP Camp in KP. The main objective of the response is to ensure that TDPs, especially women, have increased access to safe water, adequate and appropriate sanitation facilities and improved hygiene practices thereby decreasing their risk to disease outbreaks. The activities are designed to achieve immediate results including reduction of risks associated with water borne diseases, improvement of health and reduction of vulnerabilities associated with open defecation, reduction of public health risks associated with poor hygienic practices and appropriate and adequate access to humanitarian services.

The selected WASH beneficiaries include the displaced population (5,000 families or 35,000 individuals) living in Phase 1,2,3,4 and Phase 5 of the camp. Interventions will further be reviewed on the basis of gender analysis to ensure safe programming focusing more on advocating for the rights of the affected population.

Program for Poverty Reduction (PPR)

Funding Agency:   Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund (PPAF)/Italian Development Cooperation
Project Duration:  March 2015-June, 2019
Project Area:         District Swat 

Program Objectives

 Poverty reduction through the creation of sustainable conditions of social and economic development, including income and production capacity increase.

Social structure and community organizations strengthened, with increased empowerment of the local communities and increased capacity of relating with central institutions, other organizations and markets.

Effective social safety net establishment in favor of the populations’ poorest groups, women, children, old people and disables especially.

Local productive infrastructures (water infrastructures, civil and energetic works, access to markets, wells, roads, pipelines, power grids, etc…) built and functioning.

Access of local population to the basic social and health services, including education obtained.

Access to microcredit for the poorest members of the population, women especially, available.

Partner Organizations and other credit intermediaries strengthened, credit management capacity of local beneficiaries improved.

Program Components

1. Social Mobilization:

Empowering of the local populations. Establishment, support and strengthening of grassroots community- based organizations and facilitation of their grouping at higher levels (Villages and departments) and fortification of their ability to communicate with the provincial and central governments.

2. Livelihood Enhancement and Protection:

Protection of the weakest sectors of the population through the creation of social safety nets capable of responding to the most immediate basic needs.

3. Construction and improvement of Small-scale Community Infrastructures

Construction and improvement of small-scale community infrastructures such as irrigation systems, aqueducts, wells, power lines, etc.

4. Establishment of Basic health and Educational services, including primary schools and basic health units.

Sanitation Program at Scale in Pakistan (SPSP)- Rural

Project Title:             Sanitation Programme at Scale in Pakistan (SPSP)- Rural Phase II
Funding Agency:      UNICEF
Project duration:      June 2014- July, 2016
Project Location:     District Shangla

Project Background:

More than 43 million people defecate in the open in Pakistan. With just 45 percent of the population (29 percent rural and 72 percent urban) having access to improved sanitation, Pakistan faces a major challenge in achieving the MDG target of 64 percent access to improved sanitation by 2015. Diarrhoea remains the leading cause of mortality for children under five where 116,013 children under the age of five die due to diarrhoea each year, translating into the loss of life of 13 Pakistani children per hour.

The Sanitation Program at Scale in Pakistan (SPSP) is a UNICEF program designed to achieve the Millenium Development Goals for sanitation. The first phase of this program was implemented in 14 districts across Pakistan, including FATA agencies.

District Shangla is located in the north of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, surrounded by district Batagram in the east, district Swat in the west, district Kohistan in the north and district Buner in the south. District Shangla was given status of district in 1995 as previously it was part of district Swat. It has two Sub-divisions namely Alpurai (District Head quarter) & Puran with total 28 UCs. It has total area about 1596 sq. km with total Population of about 520,816 according to population welfare department with annual increase ratio of 3.2%.

Shangla is the lowest in the country (ranked 1 district in terms of monthly income of the households (Food Security Analysis, SDC 2009). To cater the health needs of 520,816 people, there are only 32 health facilities with only one district head quarter hospital having secondary health care facilities.

According to the District Indices of Multiple Deprivation, 2011 report, regarding disparities among districts Shangla is ranked 5 in KP. These indices are designed to quantify the proportion of poorest or socially excluded segment of the society in a particular territory in terms of household well-being indicators. Women play vital role in maintaining dietary diversity, hygiene and food distribution at the household level. But the target area i.e. Shangla has the lowest female literacy rate i.e. 3.7% while economically active women population is only 0.7% (DCR 1998). The disable population (one of the vulnerable groups) is very high in this region. 1998 census shows 1.9 % of the total population of Shangla is disabled, that comprise of 60% of male and 40% of female.

Total population in the five target union councils is 85,394 with total households of about 12,199 households. Due to the unique topography, the valleys are narrow and most of the houses are scattered in the mountains. Some of the well-off people lift water from streams using pumps but for majority it is still a dream. Women and children are mainly responsible to fetch water from far off springs. Majority of inhabitants especially women and children lack access to adequate sanitation facilities, forcing people to rely on open defecation. Astonishingly only 3% households have permanent pour flush latrines installed at homes. Access to latrines is still limited as majority people prefer open defecation due to lack of adaptation or behaviour problems, which demands immediate attention towards hygiene promotion. Regarding sewerage and waste management system, people in 75% target locations consider the sewerage system poor. Awareness regarding hygiene is negligible. Household cleanliness, washing hands during critical times and treatment of diarrhoea are unknown to majority people. Common diseases in the area are diarrhoea, cholra, gastro and hepatitis.

There is a good network of schools for boys and girls but the water and sanitation condition in schools is dilapidated, even for girls there is no latrine facility in a number of schools.  

District Shangla in general and Tehsil Puran in particular received little attention from government and humanitarian organizations in WASH sector mainly because of inaccessibility. In the past LASOONA implemented Malakand Rural Development Project that focussed on micro hydels and road infrastructure, whereas currently an anonther organization is working in three union councils of tehsil Puran focusing on physical infrastructure and livelihoods improvement. There is no social organization in the target union councils. The people are connected to each other through social and familial bonds called Hujra and Tal system.

Objectives of the project: The overall purpose of the project is to provide access to improved sanitation by creating open defecation free environment, through community mobilization and hygiene promotion activities with 56,000 people in 5 UCs of districts Shangla. The provision of WASH services to extremely vulnerable families and improved sanitation facilities for all will enable the affected population to realize their right to access improved water and sanitation services and focus on reducing the incidence of water and sanitation related diseases.

 Brief Description of the Project Components:

1. Linkages development with duty bearers

2. Sanitation demand creation for ODF communities

3. Sustaining demand through supply side interventions

4. Participatory health and hygiene promotion

5. Attaining 100% adequate drainage and waste water treatment

6. Knowledge management and Accountability

Enhancing Community Resilience through inclusive CBDRM

Funding Agency:     Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe (DKH)
Project Cost:            PKR 31 million
Project Duration:      February
 2014-March 2015
Project Area:            District Swat

Project Background:

Target area Mankayal and Balakot are situated in tehsil Behrain and is in the extreme north of Mingora city. Due to its scenic beauty the area is famous for tourism and tourist from all parts of the country visit to the area during summer season therefore, majority of people livelihood is associated with tourism. During 2010 flood area received unparalleled human and financial loss. The access road to area was completely washed out and area remained cut off from other parts of the district for almost six months besides this the hotel industry inflicted unrepairable losses and majority of hotels have been drowned. The area which was already vulnerable to many hazards due to its geography and mountain terrain becomes exposed to multi hazards and the vulnerability of people increased multi fold.

LASOONA-Society for Human and Natural Resource Development with financial and technical support of DKH conducted Rapid Community Vulnerability Analysis in ten villages of union council Mankayal and Balakot and on the basis of HVCRA findings one year project was designed entitled “Enhancing community resilience through inclusive community based disaster risk management”.

According to risk assessment findings, people in the target union councils are confronted with multiple hazards including major floods, flash floods, heavy rains, river bank soil erosion and water born epidemics.

Outputs/result achieved from RA exercise as follow;

·      Major flood , flash flood, heavy rainfall ,water borne epidemics and livestock diseases reported most common hazards in all targeted areas

·      Hazards calculation conducted on the above multi hazards, showed that all of the targeted communities fall in medium hazards prone to Major flood, flash flood, heavy rainfall, water borne epidemics and livestock diseases.

·    Hazards like  River Bank Soil erosion, Land sliding , Rock falling, Glacier avalanches, earthquake, heavy snow fall,  severe winter weather, essential resources shortage, and transportation accidents also occur in target areas

·     Most common activities/events celebrating in the target areas are reported i.e.  Land preparation, seasonal migration, crop sowing and harvesting, plantation, seasonal ceremonies, free time, fodder and fuel wood collection and migration to pastures.

·      80% of the target communities property and population  exposed to prevailing  hazards like Major flood, flash flood, heavy rainfall, water borne epidemics and livestock diseases, 70% of the target community fragile due to internal their weaknesses it means that they have no measures taken to prevent avoid or reduce losses in case of any emergency, 57% of the target community have lack of ability to recover prior state or achieve desired post-disaster state 

·    Coordination between local authorities and communities need to enhance in future for better understanding of each other need and priorities 

·     Produced Community hazards, social resource and risk maps which help communities and LASOONA to focus extremes hazards by utilizing community capacities to reduce the impact of disaster in future.  


To strengthen Disaster Risk Management (DRM) structures, local authorities and communities through inclusive Community Based Disaster Risk Management (ICBDRM) in District Swat, KPK                  

Objectives of the project:

 SO1: To strengthen capacities of local Communities, vulnerable groups with inclusive approaches to cope with disasters by using their own, locally available resources (Preparedness)

 SO2: Local Authorities and DRM structures functioning more effectively to provide appropriate support to at-risk communities’ with close coordination between communities and district DRM structure.  (Local authorities strengthening)

 SO3: Negative effects of natural disasters on livelihoods and environment are reduced (mitigation)

Drinking Water Supply Construction Project

Funding Agency:            Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
Project Cost:                   PKR 25 million
Project Duration:           December 2013-November 2014
Project Location:            Districts Swat

Project Background

Water borne diseases after flood caused serious difficulties as according to the recently conducted detailed Risk Assessment  by LASOONA in tehsil Bahrain, around 48 percent adults inflicted diarrohea. Children bore the brunt as well and around 20% got sick due to diarrohea. The prime reason behind was inaccessibility to clean drinking water and unhygienic practices. Assessment data reveals that 55% of the total population has no access to clean drinking water, 36% fetch water from open unprotected source, while only a negligible number of people i.e. 5% collect water from protected sources. The water and sanitation related situation significantly got worse after the devastating flood of July 2010 as majority water supply schemes were washed away by flood water.

In order to address the problems associated with water and hygiene in the two target union coiuncils, Bahrain and Miandam,  the project will initiate construction of disaster resilient water supply schemes. The overall goal of the project is to improve the health of local population through rehabilitation of disaster resilient water resources especially extremely vulnerable people affected by floods of 2010. The project will benefit 579 households (3527 individuals) in terms of safe and clean drinking water and changing traditional risk behaviours through community and school based hygiene promotion campaigns. The project will have far reaching impacts on health statuses of women, children, elderly and people with disabilities. 

Overall goal

The health situation of the population in village Old Bahrain and Kal Miandam has improved.

Incidence of water-borne diseases has declined as a result of better access to drinking water of improved quality.

Outcome 1

Targeted communities has increased access to improved quality of Water to meet their drinking needs through disaster resilient and well- functioning water supply schemes

Outputs (per outcome 1)

Output 1: An improved Gravity-Fed Water Supply System is in place.

Output 2:  water user committee is functioning and manages their water supply.

Output 3: Good Hygiene Practices and house hold water treatment (SODIS, Boiling etc) are exhibited by the targeted community

Outcome 2

The targeted community has increased understanding and technical competences relating to O & M of improved water supply scheme

Outputs (per outcome 2)

Output 4: Water supply is managed by the selected community members

Sustainable Agriculture Rehabilitation to ensure Food Security & Disaster Prevention

Funding Agency:            Welthungerhilfe and BMZ
Project Cost:                   PKR 202 million
Project Duration:           September 2011-August 2013
Project Location:           11 union councils of Districts Swat, Shangla and Kohistan

Project Background:

The project was in response to the Pakistan floods 2010 and was primarily focused on agriculture rehabilitation and community based disaster risk reduction. The Welthungerhilfe (WHH) supported the project with the co-financing of German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The targeted population under the project was 11000 households in 11 flood affected union councils (administrative unit with population of around 20,000 people) of Swat Shangla and Kohistan districts of KP province.

A total of 24 hamlets and 55 main villages were targeted to carry out rehabilitation and development-oriented interventions. A holistic interventions package was designed to tackle the persisting vulnerabilities triggered from 2010 flood.  Based on the LRRD approach, the integrated interventions covered areas like agriculture and infrastructure rehabilitation, household food security, nutrition education and disaster preparedness.

 Project Goal: Food security and resilience to natural disasters of the flood-affected households in Swat, Shangla and Kohistan has improved.

 Objectives of the project

The following objectives have been devised to achieve the main purpose of the project:

·              Targeted households are able to increase food production and income through the adoption of improved agricultural techniques, the use of quality inputs and equipments.

·               Damaged community infrastructure is rehabilitated through the provision of construction material and cash for work.

·               Communities are organized, trained and equipped to better cope with natural disasters and implement disaster risk prevention measures.

Project Achievements:-

Output 1: Targeted households are able to increase food production and income through the adoption of improved agricultural techniques, the use of quality inputs and equipment.

6426 packages distributed among 6426 farmers (seeds, fertilizers, tools)

2750 fodder planting packages distributed among 2750 farmers

2 trainings of community extension and 174 ICM/IPM trainings provided 5750 farmers

11 trainings imparted where 275 farmers trained

110 Trainings events in 55 target villages organized, 1100 women and 1100 men farmers trained

55 training events organized where 220 women trained and provided 220 kitchen garden inputs packages

55 trainings events organized for 990 women and 495 beneficiaries provided 581 goats

22 plots established and 22 farmers provided inputs and on the job trainings.

30 nurseries established and 30 farmers provided trainings on nursery raising

72 solar dryer provided and beneficiaries trained on its use.

Output 2: Damaged community infrastructure is rehabilitated through the provision of construction material and cash for work.

46 Community Physical Infrastructures rehabilitated through cash for work and material provision.

Output 3: Communities are organized, trained and equipped to better cope with natural disasters and implement disaster risk prevention measures.

55 vulnerability and risk assessment meetings conducted and plans developed in 55 villages

70 trainings provided to 2857 volunteers on Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM)

100 kits (stock piles) distributed in 79 villages/ hamlets

27500 tree seedlings distributed and planted on slopes

Project on Sustainable Solution to Food & Nutrition Insecurity-Phase III

Funding Agency:               Welthungerhilfe
Project duration:               Feburary 2019- January, 2020 
Project Location:               District Swat

 Project Background

 The findings of rapid nutrition assessment study both at macro and meso/micro level confirm the food and nutrition insecurity in the country as a whole and particularly the rural areas. The assessments disclose the facts that there is no single reason or sector, which could be held solely responsible for the food insecurity and malnourishment. If somewhere, there is less food then elsewhere the poor purchasing power restricting access to. Above all, the worse scenario is of utilization of the food, which is somewhere poor due to lack of facilities like safe drinking water but overwhelmingly due to extremely poor feeding and hygiene practices because of unawareness. The project is focussing on gaps identified in both macro and micro level assessment and addresses these gaps in a coherent manner where co-relating needs in various sector areas are considered in details. The proposed project is focussing on all the underlying factors of food and nutrition insecurity with approach of four dimensions of food and nutrition security predominantly linked with available natural resources.

The project is targeting people in the rural areas and particularly the families experiencing with food insecurity and under nourishment. The figures available through macro level analysis and confirmed through micro level assessments show that there is felt need to focus on food and nutrition in rural areas. 


Project Purpose: The Food and Nutrition Security status of most vulnerable communities in Swat, Shangla and Kohistan is improved through an Integrated approach linking Agriculture, Food and Environment to Nutrition in line with National and Provincial Strategies.

Output 1: “Food availability is increased” Improved technical knowledge, equipment and inputs are provided and used by most vulnerable farmers to increase and diversify agricultural production.
Output 2: “Access to food is improved” Improved technical knowledge, equipment and inputs are provided and used by most vulnerable villagers to increase and diversify Household income.
Output 3: “Use and Utilisation of food is improved” Target Group and stakeholders knowledge on Causes and Impact of Malnutrition is enhanced through trainings/media campaigns and used to improve food consumption habits/caring capacities and hygiene practices
Output 4: “Stability of the 3 FNS dimension is improved” Knowledge and management skills of village organisations are enhanced and suitable techniques are used to reduce impacts of Natural disasters/climate change through trainings provision and linkage with Government line department.
Output 5: “Support rural development for improved FNS” Small Scale village Infrastructures are built and used by villagers to either:
  • Increase Food availability, or
  • Increase Access to food, or
  • Improve use and utilisation of food

WASH Emergency IDPs Response- KPK

Funding Agency:               UNICEF
Project duration:               July 2013- Sept, 2014
Project Cost:                      Pak Rs. 79  Million 
Project Location:               Jalozai IDPs camp, District Nowshera

Project Background: 

As the on-going conflict in FATA caused  huge human, infrastructure and other livelihood losses, it has also rendered tens of thousands of people IDPs and  displacing  people from their native lands to other settled areas of the KPK either to their relatives or into the formal and informal camps set up for these IDPs.

Bajuar and Mohmand Agencies and most recently the Khyber Agency, are the worst hit FATA areas where people had to run for their lives and left their homes and livelihoods in chaos. To provide relief and emergency assistance to these IDPs, the KPK Govt. set up IDPs Jalozai Camp in November 2008. During the peak of the emergency, about 22,000 families were residing in Jalozai camp to which UNICEF provided WASH services continuously through implementing partners. Recently, return process started to safer areas of Mohmand and Bajuar Agencies and about 9,000 families returned back to their places in the last quarter of 2012. . During the last few weeks, there had been fresh influx from Orakzai Agency due to conflict among the local tribes and families are fleeing into the nearby areas, a good number of families have been received by Jalozai camp.  Currently, 12,442 (as of June 2013) registered families are living in Jalozai Camp, Nowshehra. As per Government officials, there is no set plans in the near future for return of the existing families in the camp and humanitarian agencies would be the last resort for provision of lifesaving assistance to the camp IDPs. As has been the case, WASH is going to be one of the main components and ensuring uninterrupted WASH assistance facilities for the camp IDPs.

LASOONA with the support of UNICEF plans to implement a project “Provision of WASH Services in Jalozai Camp (phase 1, 2 & 3), Nowshehra” with a view to preventing and reducing the incidence of water and sanitation related diseases among 17,357 IDPs, (males, females and children) in the IDP camp Jalozai. The WASH interventions include maintenance of water and sanitation facilities provided in the camp, installation of laundry places and hygiene promotion and decommissioning on camp closure, within the framework of the UNICEF core commitments for children (CCC) in emergency.

Goal:  To provide safe and affordable drinking water, sanitation and hygiene services to the IDPs living in IDP Camp Jalozai

Objectives of the project

·       17,357 IDPs (expected most of them women and children) are provided with safe water as per Sphere Standards and UNICEF Core Commitments for children (CCC).

·       17,357 IDPs are provided with adequate sanitation facilities as per Sphere Standards and UNICEF Core Commitments for children (CCC)

·       17,357 IDPs reached and sensitized on best hygiene practices.

 Project Components:

 The project has 3 main components as given below:

1.     Safe water provision

2.     Provision of adequate sanitation

3.     IDPs sensitization on best hygiene practices

Brief Description of Component:

Safe water provision:

Under the safe water provision component, following activities are proposed to be implemented in the camp:

·       Water supply and O&M of water supply network / water tanks for continued water supply

·       Water quality testing and chlorination of water at the source and consumers points

·       Establishment of water management committees and their orientation on safe handling of drinking water and minor repair of supply network

·       Repair, maintenance and cleaning of already installed water tanks

·       Repair and maintenance of washing places

Provision of adequate sanitation:

Under sanitation component, following activities are proposed to be implemented:

·       Repair and maintenance of all latrines in the target area and bathing places, including de-watering of latrine pits and soakage pits

·       Dewatering of bathing and laundry pits (one time per month).

·       Repair and maintenance of all laundry places and solid waste collection points in the assigned project area.

Hygiene promotion

Under hygiene promotion component, following activities are proposed to be implemented:

·       Hygiene sessions with men and women & children to promote hygienic practices.

·       Formation of hygiene committees and focal group discussions

·       Follow-up with community groups for improved hygiene practices

Building Resilience through Community Disaster Risk Reduction

Funding Agency:      Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe (DKH)
Project Cost:             PKR 34.42 million
Project Duration:      June 2013-Sept. 2014
Project Location:      District Swat

Project Background

The target area Kalam and Utror are located in upper Swat to the north of Mingora city. The area is famous for its scenic beauty and is favorite tourist destination for national tourists. The area received worse damages in 2010 flood, the flash floods destroyed parts of 72 km road connecting Utror with Kalam and Behrain. The mountainous terrain make the people vulnerable to multi hazards like flood, land sliding, water borne epidemics and river bank soil erosion. Majority people in Kalam and Utror derive their livelihood from growing vegetables, while a number of families are also associated with tourism. Both these livelihood sources have received worse damages during 2010 flood. Farming is at the subsistence level and is mostly characterized by mountainous tillage. Several people cultivate land near the river in unprotected flood plains. Both types of farmers were affected by flood of 2010. The lack of land use planning resulted in massive construction of houses, shops and hotels near river Swat. People’s productive assets engulfed in water as majority of these were exposed to flood. Currently people are struggling to rebuild their livelihoods through the support of humanitarian organizations but apart from recovery interventions there is a wide gap in sustainable approach to livelihood protection through disaster risk reduction measures. In case of disasters in future local people are not prepared to respond in an organized manner, mainly due to limited skills, knowledge and equipment. Local authorities have limited capacities and are not prepared to confront disasters of large magnitude. There is no contingency or preparedness plan both at community and local authorities’ level. The early warning system does not exist and if it was in place before 2010 flood, a lot of precious lives could be saved.

The people in target union councils Utror and Kalam are confronted with multiple hazards, including water borne epidemics, major flood, ten years flood, river bank soil erosion and earthquake. Major flood is prioritized as major hazard as it has inflicted huge damages following water borne epidemics. River bank soil erosion which is an on-going phenomenon after 2010 is third in priority ranking. Vulnerabilities are persistent and according to the data among 2,227 households in 10 high affected villages of Utror and Kalam, 207 households are at high level of vulnerability as their house and land both are exposed to flood. While 1,240 households are at medium level, which shows that either their house or land is being exposed to the major hazard i.e. flood.

According to the risk analysis, among 2,227 households in the target region, 400 households are at high risk, 1,545 on medium and 282 are at low risk. Union council Utror is extremely vulnerable where 271 households are at high and 598 at medium risk. In union council Kalam 137 households are at high and 939 are at medium level of risk.

The area received little attention from humanitarian organizations mainly because of inaccessibility. Since the 2010 flood wiped out almost 7 kilometers road connecting the target area with the rest of the district, the construction material and other needed inputs could not reach the area for almost 3 months. Now the dirt road has been constructed by Pakistan Army connecting both union councils with the rest of the district. The recovery needs are still unmet and an integrated approach is needed to re build people’s livelihoods.


Goal: DRR systems and interventions are in place, which enable stakeholders to reduce the negative impacts of natural hazards on communities.

Objectives of the project

·       HHs and communities (DMCs) are better prepared for disasters and more capable of coping with them by using their own, locally available resources (Preparedness)

·       Negative effects of natural disasters on livelihoods and environment are reduced (mitigation)

·       Local and Regional Authorities and DRR Institutions function more effectively and are providing more appropriate; preparedness, prevention and mitigation support to at-risk communities regarding potential natural hazards.

Project Components:

 The project has 4 main components as given below:

1.     Disaster preparedness

2.     Disaster Mitigation

3.     Local authorities engagement for effective DRR

Brief Description of the Project Components


1.      Disaster preparedness:

Under Disaster preparedness component, following activities have implemented in both the UCs:

·       Conduct baseline, midterm and post-project DRR KAP, Household Vulnerability Monitoring and GMI surveys, mid-term review and produce the report

·       Development of IEC material for DRR awareness among key stakeholders

·       Run public media and awareness raising campaigns

·       Formation and strengthening of Disaster Management Committees (DMC) at village level (Committee Members, Sub Committee Members & Activists)

·       School Preparedness Planning & DRR co-curriculum

·       Produce DRR, Emergency and Evacuation and land use plans for communities, UC, , health facilities covering all stakeholders and vulnerable groups

·       Establish Emergency Plan's Systems/ CBDRM plans

·       Design EWS with stakeholders

·       Provide hardware components & communication equipment for mosque system

·       Implement community EWS

2.     Disaster Mitigation:                                                                                                                                                                       

Under Disaster Mitigation component, following activities have implemented in both the UCs:

·       Construction of protection walls along the river using locally available material

·       Resilient rehabilitation and reconstruction of disaster resilient irrigation channels 

·       Afforestation along the river bank and fragile slopes for soil stabilization

·       Provision of energy efficient stoves for reducing pressure on forest resources

·       Awareness on climate change adaptation environmental sustainability with study on changing availability of water sources 

·       Awareness on low cost disaster mitigation measures (bio engineering and SALT) through knowledge exchange and demonstration

.       Local authorities engagement for effective DRR:                                                                                                                 

Under Disaster Prevention component, following activities have implemented:

·       Inform Local Authorities of the HFA, communities' DRR needs and increase their awareness and knowledge on appropriate action

·       Advocate for and monitor appropriate allocation and spending of DRR budgets and resources by Local and Provincial Government


Early Livelihoods Recovery of the Floods Affected Vulnerable Families

Project Title:             Early Livelihoods Recovery for the Floods Affected Vulnerable Families
Funding Agency:      Concern Worldwide/OFDA       
Project duration:      Dec 2010-Feb 2011
Project Cost:            PKR. 15.8 Million 
Project Area:            District Shangla 

Project Background:
According to UN the recent floods in Pakistan have caused a severe damage and the catastrophe has proved to be massive than Tsunami. These torrential rains and flash floods have affected around a million people in parts of southwest and North-western Pakistan. Flood started on 28th July 2010 in different areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and later on 18 districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 9 district of Punjab, 5 districts of Sindh, 7 districts of Baluchistan and 5 districts of AJK were involved. Pakistan has suffered the worst floods for 80 years and at least 2200 people have been died with 22 million others affected. The crisis is expected to worsen with the forecast of more heavy rains.

In Shangla, flash floods have caused havoc where the death toll has exceeded 160 and about 50 are reported injured. 3700 houses including hospitals, schools and offices have been destroyed by the flood. The road infrastructure is badly damaged and 150 contact bridges have collapsed creating serious difficulties in transportation across and within the district. Damage has been caused to irrigation channels and small hydro electric generators, which are privately run by the community. Huge damage has also been caused to the crops and farming fields.

In the history of disasters, human and natural calamities Cash for work (CFW) and Cash Grants programs have a key role in the restoration of infrastructure and support for their livelihood improvement have been used in a variety of disaster in emergency situations. In flood of July 2010, CFW and Cash grants were imperative component and basic response to its which destroyed the infrastructural setup of Pakistan particularly of Khyber Pukhtoonkhawa. LASOONA-Rapid CFW and CG program was started to reduce the problems of flood affected communities of District Shangla, particularly in UC Kuz kana and Damorai which are the most affected in this District and support for their livelihood restoration.

Project Components:   1. Cash Grants 2. Cash for Work

Project Achievements:

·         Total of 20 (10 men and 10 women) village level committees were formed during the project period.

·         Total 375 male and 125 Female beneficiaries were selected as CFW beneficiaries.

·         34 foot tracks were restored in targeted union councils.

·         06 Irrigation channels were reconstructed in targeted union councils.

·         03 Suspension bridges were reconstructed in targeted union councils.

·         05 drains were cleaned in both union councils.

·         02 hydle powers were restored in both union councils. 

·         Total 250 male and 250 Female beneficiaries were selected as Cash Grants beneficiaries.

·         Total 500 Cash Grants were distributed among 500 selected beneficiaries.

Emergency Response Flash Floods- EFSL Project

Project Title:             Emergency Response- Flash Floods- EFSL Project
Funding Agency:      Oxfam/ECHO
Project duration:      Jan- June, 2011
Project Cost:             Pak Rs. 106 Million
Project Location:      District Swat and District Shangla

Sustainable Agriculture Rehabilitation to ensure Food Security & Disaster Prevention

Funding Agency:   Welthungerhilfe and BMZ 
Project Cost:          PKR 202 million
Project Duration:    
September 2011-August 2013
Project Location:    Districts Swat, Shangla and Kohistan

Project Background

The difficult and harsh topography of the area particularly in Shangla & Kohistan, unpredictable weather conditions, improper irrigation system, absence of competitive markets, marketing skills, traditional methods of farming and underdeveloped infrastructure caused low income, production and ultimately food & nutrition insecurity. The vulnerabilities of the population were triggered by the three consecutive disasters in a five years short span of time.  The earth quack of 2005, followed by militancy and military operations from 2007-2009, and the 2010 devastating floods caused severe losses to the livelihoods assets of the local population. These disasters increased vulnerability in the area particularly of the more marginalized and low-income families.

Although these disasters were followed by response of the government and international humanitarian organizations through emergency assistance to food insecure families. But still food and nutrition security remains the biggest challenge for the local population to built back their livelihood assets on the pre-disasters situation and further capacitate it to better meet the food and nutritional insecurity situation.

Based on the previous projects experiences, lessons learnt and need assessment of the area, this multi component project has been designed to respond to the challenges of food insecurity as aftermath of the disaster (mainly floods) and to further built the capacities to strive against the chronic food insecurity in the target areas.

The overall goal of the project is to improve food security and resilience of flood affected households in the target area by increasing their food production and income through rehabilitation of agriculture, community infrastructure and capacity building on disaster risk reduction. Keeping in view nature of interventions, its implementation strategies and need on the ground desired impacts of the project are expected. 

Goal: Food security and resilience to natural disasters of the flood-affected households in Swat, Shangla and Kohistan has improved.

Objectives of the project

The following objectives have been devised to achieve the main purpose of the project:

·       Targeted households are able to increase food production and income through the adoption of improved agricultural techniques, the use of quality inputs and equipments.

·       Damaged community infrastructure is rehabilitated through the provision of construction material and cash for work.

·       Communities are organized, trained and equipped to better cope with natural disasters and implement disaster risk prevention measures.

Project Components:

 1: Agriculture Rehabilitation and Food security

2: Infrastructure rehabilitation and development

3: Disaster Risk Reduction

Brief Description of the Project Components

        Agriculture Rehabilitation and Food Security
Under this component rehabilitation of agriculture and initiatives for food security of the most vulnerable are ensured. A total of 6500 flood affected farmers are supported through provision of agriculture inputs/tools and their capacity building on integrated crop and pest management, 495 women beneficiaries are provided goats and training on goat rearing, 30 fruit plants nurseries are established to ensure availability of quality fruit plants at local level for promotion of orchards. 2750 farmers are supported by providing good varieties of fodder. 2200 women and men are trained on food processing and preservation techniques also solar dryers are distributed for demonstration purpose. 275 key farmers are trained on post harvest handling techniques to minimize post harvest losses in agriculture and horticulture.


        Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Development
Under this component 54 village level small-scale infrastructures are rehabilitated or newly built. The infrastructure schemes included irrigation channel, protection walls, suspension bridges, pathways, and drinking water supply.


        Disaster Risk Reduction
Under this component disaster risk management response mechanism are established in 55 target villages. Detail risk and vulnerability assessment is carried out, and followed by the capacity building of village emergency response teams on disaster management. Extension material related to different disasters are disseminated among the village’s households to raised awareness among the people exposed to the identified HAZARDS.

Sustainable Rehabilitation of WASH & Livelihood Means in Swat

Funding Agency:     Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe (DKH)
Project Cost:            PKR 78.8 million
Project Duration:     October 2012-Feb. 2014
Project Location:     District Swat

Project Background
People of the UC Kalam and Utror suffered considerably after the 2010 flood as all means of communication and livelihood means remained collapsed for almost a year. The crops were badly affected by the flood resulting in reduced production and marketing. Irrigation system already in placed was destroyed and the standing crops wasted due to lack of road infrastructure. The baseline survey conducted by a local organization in August 2011 revealed that 49% of the small businesses were fully destroyed and 13% partially destroyed. Average monthly income from the business was PKR 10,000 which is decreased to PKR 1,304 after the flood. 43% of these businesses have not been restored yet while 20% are partially restored. Uthror and Kalam  were inaccessible for almost six months after the flood but now an unpaved road is existing and all the proposed villages are accessible through 4x4 vehicles. Uthror and Kalam are covered with snow during three months of winter.
Water borne diseases after flood caused serious difficulties as according to the detailed Risk Assessment conducted by LASOONA, around 48% adults inflicted diarrohea. Children bore the brunt as well and around 20% got sick due to diarrohea. The prime reason behind was inaccessibility to clean drinking water and unhygienic practices. Assessment data reveals that 55% of the total population has no access to clean drinking water, 36% fetch water from open unprotected source, while only a negligible number of people i.e. 5% collect water from protected sources. The water and sanitaion related situation significantly got worse after the devastating flood of July 2010 as majority water supply schemes were washed away by flood water. Majority of inhabitants especially women and children lack access to adequate sanitation facilities, forcing people to rely on open defecation (68% households have no latrine facility in Utror). Situation in Kalam is relatively good where the number is less (39% houses lack latrines facility).
Goal: To rehabilitate disaster resistant WASH and Livelihood resources of extremely vulnerable people affected by floods of 2010. 
Objectives of the project
  • To reduce the prevalence of water borne diseases by 10% in the target community through the provision of improved water and sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion. 
  • To improve food and income security of target communities through agriculture and livestock restoration and diversification of income sources.
Project Components:
 The project has 2 main components as given below:
          1. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
          2. Food Security & Livelihoods
Brief Description of the Project Components
      1.         Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (WASH):
       Under WASH component, following activities are proposed to be implemented in both the UCs:
  •       Repair/rehabilitation and construction of drinking water supply schemes
  •       Construction of HH level, communal and school level latrines
  •       Water Quality Monitoring
  •        Provision of proper sewerage/drainage system
  •        Construction of communal solid waste disposal pits
  •        Construction of solid waste disposal bins at primary schools 
  •        Hygiene promotion sessions
  •        Distribution of hygiene kits among vulnerable families
  •        Child to child (C2C) activities
  •        Distribution of hygiene pouches among primary schools students
  •        Formation of WASH committees
  •        Capacity building of WASH committees on O&M
  •        Provision of tool kits to WASH committees

         2.           Food Security & Livelihoods:

       Under Livelihood component, following activities are proposed to be implemented in both the UCs:
  •        Training on fodder preservation i.e. silage and hay making
  •        Training of Community Animal Health Workers
  •        Vaccination and de-worming campaign
  •        Distribution of potato seeds
  •        Market orientation for marketing trials (potato)
  •        Farmers training on potato through Farmer Field School
  •        Farmers training on potato seeds storage (500 farmers)
  •        Training on food preservation, processing and storage
  •        Provision of food preservation tools and material to the beneficiaries
  •        Vocational training for unskilled youth
  •        Demonstration and market promotion of Cut flower/Gladiolus

Social Forestry Project

Project Title:             Social Forestry Project Malakand/Dir
Funding Agency:      Dutch Government/DHV
Project duration:      Jan 1999- June, 20000
Project Cost:            Pak Rs. 2.4 Million
Project Location:     District Dir and Malakand

Development of Operational Plan for Jambil Valley-Swat Forest Division

Project Title:             Operational Plan Development
Funding Agency:      Forest Management Center/SDC
Project duration:       2001                        
Project Location:     Jambil District Swat

Development of Operational Plan for Usherai Valley-Dir Forest Division.

Project Title:             Operational Plan Development
Funding Agency:      Forest Management Center/SDC
Project Duration:      2001                       
Project Location:     Usherai District Dir

Project Background:

The Forest Management Centre NWFP- a project of the Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation- SDC assigned the task of development of the Operational Plan to LASOONA. The Operational Plan was developed for the Usherai area of District Dir.

The task of development of Operational Plan consists of analysis of the existing situation regarding natural and social resources. This involved development of mechanism for collection of data in the field regarding existing resources, meetings/discussions with the various stakeholders, and analysis of problems, stakeholders, SWOT, gender and objectives. The Operational plan also consists of development of a menu/prescriptions and interventions based on the situation and according to the will of the various stockholders for the sustainable development of the social and natural resources of the area. In addition to this the Operational Plan will also provide details of plan of activities/operations with budgets, expenditures and staffing. The task also involves analyzing the cost and benefits and development of procedures for monitoring and evaluation of the operational plan for future implementation. 

The overall goal of the OP is to halt and reverse the ongoing process of overall ecological imbalances and environmental degradation. To improve the socio-economic conditions of the local communities through necessary measures and active participation of all stakeholders. The short term objectives of the plan are to reduce the rate of uncontrolled deforestation and environmental degradation and to promote sustainable supply of forest products to fulfill the needs of the local communities. To reduce soil erosion, landslides and floods. To improve the rangelands and grazing systems and to ensure participation and cooperation of all stakeholders in the collaborative management of the natural resources of the area. These goals and objectives are very much in line with the Govt. policy and objectives of the resource management plan.

Twelve villages have been selected where VLUP/JFM will be conducted. Village Plan management agreement has duration of five years. This operational plan is therefore valid for 5 years after the last Management agreement has been signed i.e., until 2009-10. To extend coverage to additional villages at the same pace besides the three villages, the current OP will need to be updated.

The NRM activities proposed in this plan include afforestation activities (nurseries, plantations, direct sowing, natural regeneration and JFM), range management activities (controlled grazing and construction of water ponds), farm forestry activities (distribution of multi-purpose trees and fruit trees, group forestry), income generation activities and livestock management activities.

The budget for the proposed activities amounts to Rs. 34.01 million. This includes the beneficiaries’ share, estimated at Rs. 0.89 million.

The socio-economic and environmental assessment of the plan shows that the activities are justified from those perspectives. The local implementation capacity of FD as well as NGO is judged to be sufficient to implement the plan, initially with the assistance of CD and FMC staff. The plan is therefore submitted for approval. Upon approval, VLUP/JFM can be started in the selected villages.

Functional Literacy Project- Mingora, Swat

Introduction & Background

Functional Literacy Program for the working children in the Auto Sector was launched by LASOONA – Society for Human & Natural Resource Development in collaboration with the Pak-Swiss SSEP Program. Main focus was to educate the deprived working children and to raise awareness in the local people to play vital role achieve this goal.

During a survey, conducted by LASOONA – SSEP, it was found that there are 1130 workshops in metal sector in Mingora city, where more than 3000 children (below 18) are working, while the no. of adults is less than that, + 2000. Amongst these working children in Auto Sector, 73% are illiterate while 23% are partially literate. The situation of adults in the same sector is worse than this. In adults the figures are 76 and 24% respectively.

Objectives of the Project

The overall objective of the program was to educate the deprived working children and to raise awareness amongst the local people to play role achieve this goal. The program was planned to be run on self-help basis in the future. Fund raising was one of the components of this program. Limited donations were collected in the early start of the program. However, the main goal is achieved through educating the working children and raise awareness.

Small Scale Enterprise Promotion Program (SSEP), a Swiss funded organization provided financial support for running the program, whereas, LASOONA’s contribution was in the shape of expertise and resources for the management of the program on sustainable basis. For the first 09-month course, all kind of logistical support was provided by SSEP to run the program in a smooth way. School Bags and Books were distributed among the students.

Participatory Forest Management Project

Funding Agency: European Commission and United Nations Development Programme through Small Grants Programme for Promotion of Tropical Forest in Pakistan (SGP-PTF)
Project Location: District Swat.
Project Duration: 2003-2007
Project Budget:    Pak Rs. 8.4 million

Project Background
The SGP PTF was established with the overall objective of the promotion of sustainable forest management by local stakeholders. There are three specific key objectives towards which the SGP PTF operations and project activities will be geared in participating South and South East Asian countries:

• Act as catalyst to promote and demonstrate community-based management and resource-use in tropical forests;
• Draw lessons from local experience and support the spread of successful community-level strategies and innovations; and
• Build grassroots level capacity to tackle problems that are contributing to forest destruction and degradation through partnerships and networks.

Participatory Forest Management Project (PFMP) was launched in November 2003 and its implementation started in January 2004. Focal area of this project is Shamozai Valley of District Swat. The theme of this project is to manage the depleting forest resources with the participation of the locals, with promotion of NTFPs as alternative means of income generation. Participatory approach included involvement of community both in cash and in kind.
Goal:Restore and develop the forest ecosystem for the benefits of local communities of Shamozai Valley. 
Objectives of the project
The following objectives have been devised to achieve the main purpose of the project:
·         To revive / reconstruct the Forest Management System of the area.
·         To ensure the enhanced range and quantity of benefits with focus on alternate benefits from the forests such as Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFPs).
·         To build the capacity of VOs/WOs in the area for sustainable management of the natural resources
Project Components:
1.       Village Land Use Planning
2.       NRM Activities
3.       Awareness Raising Activities
4.       Capacity Building Programmes
5.       Village Development Schemes
6.       Project Visibility Material
Brief Description of the Project Components
1.       Village Land Use Planning (VLUP)
To achieve objective, one of the most important interventions was to get maximum cooperation, understanding and involvement of all stakeholders, it was very important to carry out the Village Land Use Planning exercise in the target villages. VLUP is basically a tool to assist the local population with the development and implementation of natural management plans to increase and sustain the productivity of vegetation of privately and jointly owned hillsides and farmlands for their economic and other benefits. Keeping in view the above justification, four village plans, one for each village in Shamozai Valley, were developed and implemented. Nagha (ban) was implemented in the project area on the existing and afforested forest areas and penalties were fixed for the trespassers.
2.       Natural Resource Management (NRM)
Certain activities were carried out to supplement the natural resources of the project area. These activities include raising of four nurseries, two for VO and WO each. Planting stock was obtained from these nurseries and communal hillsides were afforested. A total of 700 acres were planted with Acacia modesta, Pinus roxburghii, Robinia pseudoacacia and Leucaena leucocephala. In addition, Apiculture was also boosted by distributing 115 beekeeping boxes in the project area. Olive grafting (7000 plants) and establishment of lemongrass demonstration plot were also of the main activities.
3.       Awareness Raising
Need is to aware people about their role in forest conservation and environmental rehabilitation. Involving the locals in conservation activities proves to be helpful. The locals were involved in Ashar plantations (a Pashto word for “working together”. Total of 16 Ashar plantation campaigns with about 1000 saplings planted in each Ashar). Similarly, participation in World Environment Day, Environmental Education Programmes (six) arranged in schools of the Project Area, Exposure visits (six) for Village Organizations are some of the major awareness raising activities.

4.       Capacity Building
Capacity building events were arranged for VOs and Project Staff every now and then during the Project life. Total of 20 events were organized, including Financial Management, Packing and Packaging, Beekeeping, Livestock Management, Food Preservation, Nurseries Raising Techniques, Kitchen Gardening for the VOs. Trainings for Project Staff include Monitoring and Evaluation, Basics of GIS & RS, Social Mobilization, Business Planning & Management, Natural Resource Management and MS Project.
5.       Village Development Schemes
Two developmental schemes are also part of the project alongside the abovementioned activities. Drinking Water Supply and Drain Rehabilitation Scheme in Rangila village and Drinking Water Supply and Irrigation Scheme in Gharai village are part and parcel of this activity.
6.       Visibility Material
During the project life, visibility remained its integral part. Informative booklets, brochures, calendars, tea mugs, signboards and, last but not the least, a Project Documentary Movie were published and distributed.

Approach & Methodology
In all project activities, community involvement was ensured both in terms of cash and in kind. Most of the interventions were made on cost sharing basis with 80% from the project and 20% from communities. For each activity, the VOs pass a resolution and forward it to LASOONA office for further necessary action. Experts and professionals from line agencies were also involved to maintain quality of the work. In this regard, Livestock Department, Water Management Department, Social Welfare Department and Forest Department contributed in their capacity.


Malakand Rural Development Project

Funding Agency:    Asian Development Bank and Govertnement of NWFP
Project Cost:          Pak Rs. 32 million
Project Duration:    2002-2007
Project Location:   District Shangla

Project Background
The Govt. of NWFP has initiated the Malakand Rural Development Project (MRDP) for a period of seven years and is co-financed by the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The project caters for multi-sectoral area development recognizing and supporting active participation of the communities. The project responds to demand driven community-managed infrastructure; and provides for rehabilitation of major road network in the area.
The project has two major components comprising of Village Development Component and Provincial Highways Construction. The Village Development Component was outsourced to local NGOs in four Districts i.e. Swat, Shangla, Buner and Malakand Agency.
In District Shangla, the village development component was outsourced to LASOONA and is implementing the project since 2002. LASOONA has established a field unit (Social Organization Unit) at Alpuri District Shangla for the implementation of project activities related to Village Development.
Goal:    Reduction of Rural Poverty in the Project Area
·         Formation and strengthening of community organizations (male & female) at village level.
·    Providing technical and financial assistance to community organizations in building their prioritized village infrastructure.
·       Improving agriculture production (Crop & Animal) at village level through training of farmers and demonstration of best agricultural practices with formers.
·         Gender & Development (Social, Financial and Resource).
Project Components:
Village Development Services (VDS), including;
1.                   Community Mobilization & Organization
2.                   Community Managed Infrastructure Development Activities
3.                   Agriculture and Livestock Development Activities
4.                   Women Health, Education and Income-generating skills Development Programme.
Brief Description of Village Development Services     
The project aims to reduce poverty and enhance the women earning capabilities through active participation of village-based male and female organizations. This participation process is designed in a systematic way of interventions by a team of professionals.
This team was supposed to have deep understanding of local norms and values of local culture and social stratum. For this challenging job MRDP outsourced the Village Development Services to LASOONA in District Shangla where LASOONA is committed to bring a positive change in standards of living of the locals. LASOONA started its activities, under the MRDP, according to the project components. Following are the major Village Development Components and the achievements made so far;

Community Mobilization and Organization

Before carrying out any activity in these remote pockets, it is of utmost importance to mobilize and finally organize these rural communities. Being partners, they play their role in accomplishment of the Project targets, goals and objectives. The Project has been successful to form 229 Male Community Organizations (VOs), 153 Women Organizations (WOs), impart trainings to 2 VOs and WOs each and arrange one VO Conference.

Community Managed Infrastructure (CMI)

District Shangla is one of the most backward districts of NWFP, where most of the people are deprived from the basic civic amenities. The CMI component aims to provide village level facilities through the active participation of the locals. CMI includes:
a)       Drinking Water Supply & Sanitation: Clean drinking water and sanitation to eradicate/minimize water borne diseases and improve the health-hygiene condition. This will reduce the health related expenditures from the poor communities. The Project has so far completed 02 sanitation schemes, installation of 51 hand pumps and 42 spring based water supply schemes covering a total population of about 21,000.
b)       Communal irrigation infrastructure to increase and sustain agriculture production. This component is carried out with the technical assistance of On-Farm-Water Management (OFWM). So far the Project has successfully completed 31 Gravity Irrigation Schemes.
c)       Micro Hydel Power Schemes: Remote hilly areas are deprived of electricity facilities where people use kerosene lamps, Liquid Petroleum Gas lamps and torchwood for in-house lighting. These methods are not only expensive for poor families but they also aggravate the health problems especially respiratory diseases. In those far flung areas, where high head flow discharge is available throughout the year and where electricity from national grid is not expected in near future, small micro-hydal power plants are being installed with the technical and electro-mechanical support of PCRET (Pakistan Council of Renewable Energy and Technology) to provide cheap source of lighting for the poor community. So far 58 micro-hydal power plants have been installed in different locations of the district and have covered a population of 51,660.
d)       Jeepable tracks are one of the important components of CMI, which connects the remote hilly areas with highways and District link roads. These help the poor communities in improved access to markets and public services from line agencies like health, education, agriculture and livestock services. The project has completed a total of 102 kms of jeepable tracks with an estimated of 65,066 population has been covered so far.

Agriculture and Livestock

Despite the growing demand for agriculture produce, crop yield in District Shangla has not increased in recent years. Most of the small land holders, especially in the more remote areas; do not have access to improved seeds, fertilizers and other inputs. Similarly, the productivity of the livestock in this area is very low due to lack of quality breed of animals, their management and treatment facilities. In order to improve their economic conditions through enhancement of agriculture and livestock production, the project has introduced improved technology production practices for agriculture and livestock in collaboration with Agriculture Extension and Livestock Development Departments. Wheat Demo Plots (200 kanals), Maize Demo Plots (428 kanals), and 220 KG vegetables seed. In livestock component, 46 no. of improved quality Rams, 18 no. improved Bucks, 8 no. Stud Bulls have been distributed among the community members. In capacity building, 184 villagers trained in Poultry Entrepreneurship, 20 Livestock Extension Workers trained, Ecto & Endo Parasite control sessions (5) and Prophylactic Vaccination campaigns (8) are the key achievements of this component.
Gender & Development Programme
Community Based Health Care Program
The Project is also working to improve both the financial and physical status of women in the remote areas of District Shangla. This component aims to build local capacities for sustained access to Basic Health Facilities. Community based health programme through human resource development for women focuses on training Lady Health Visitors (LHVs) and Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) within the rural communities. The Project has so far trained 337 Traditional Birth Attendants, and 56 Mid Wives/Lady Health Workers/Female Medical technicians. The essence of this activity is to provide services in health care and awareness on nutritional aspects to the most vulnerable groups like women and children, while the trained women will be able to earn bread for their families. In order to institutionalize these activities, Health Department has been involved.
Female Education:
The objective of this activity is to link pedagogy and supervisor’s knowledge with local school teacher’s professional training i-e PTC, CT and B.Ed. and educational courses like Matric, FA and BA.
i. Academic Courses (Matric, FA, and BA)
The project has arranged education of deserving female students from Matric to BA level through Allama Iqbal Open University. These deserving female candidates are nominated by the WOs formed by LASOONA. The project has so far provided opportunity to 56 females in the above mentioned disciplines.
ii. Professional Courses (PTC/CT/B.Ed)
The project has arranged the education of female candidates and teachers in the field of PTC/CT/B.Ed. The field staff of LASOONA at Shangla nominates poor and deserving female candidates from Women Organizations according to the selection criteria of Allama Iqbal Open University. 283 female have been trained in these professional training courses.
iii. Non Formal/Home School
In the remote area of Malakand Division particularly in District Shangla the female education ratio is very low. Reasons behind are low-income status of the family and lack of awareness. Therefore, the objective of this component is to provide girls access to quality education through developing non-formal community-managed primary schools for the remote and isolated communities in the hilly and other unserved area in collaboration with Education Deptt. The project has so far established 24 non formal schools and linked these with the education department.
iv. Vocational training Program for Female
There is a tremendous demand from women folk fro the vocational training to become self reliant. The women always contribute to her family in the shape of stitching clothes of their children and other family members. The project provides training especially to young girls in stitching, netting & embroidery etc and has trained about 180 women so far.

Barani Area Development Project-Phase II

Funding Agency: Govt. of NWFP, Asian Development Bank (ADB) and International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD)
Project Duration:  2003-2008
Project Location:  District Kohistan
Project Cost:        Pak Rs. 33 million

Project Background
Barani Area Development Project (BADP) - Phase II started in 2001 in remote areas of NWFP, particularly of small land holders and landless people. The project strives to improve the status of women in these traditionally conservative areas where access and opportunities have been limited. The project focuses more on access to social services in general and basic health and education facilities in particular.
Efforts have been made especially in District Kohistan for the involvement of women in different interventions. All activities are completed through acceptable means, conforming to the local culture. The BADP-II Village Level Development Component (VLDC) is implemented by LASOONA since 2003. There are two main components under the VLDC:
(i)                   Gender Mainstreaming
The objective of gender mainstreaming activities is to enhance women participation in the decision making and improve access to productive resources and technical services
(ii)                 Community Mobilization
Social mobilization is a process which involves bringing people together especially poor and disadvantage into organized fold. They provide social guidance to people for pooling of resources, cutting down overheads, achieving economy of scale and identification of true and genuine activist.
VLDC is also responsible for monitoring, lobbying and establishing linkages between communities and other developmental agencies. The quality of social organization, under all other components, depends on the quality of social organization process which is done under VLDC.
Goal:To reduce poverty in remote areas of NWFP, particularly of small land holders and landless people

Objectives of the project
i- Mobilization and strengthening of communities for project interventions and sustainability.

ii. Improve Agriculture, livestock and Horticulture production and conservation of soil, water and forest resources.

iii. Provision of community infrastructure to increase values/or decrease cost of village activities.

iv. Improve rural livelihood opportunities and alternatives, including specific measure to boost women’s access to social and economic resources.
Brief Description of the Project Components
1-                     Gender Development Forum Meetings
The project conducted 4 Gender Development Forum meetings at SOUs (Pattan, Palas and Dassu) with the support of District Program Office (DPO) in their respective region, while the forum at District level is in process. Activists from different MCOs, elected representatives and especially Nazim (U.C & Tehsil) and DPO staff attended the forum. Project staff briefly told about the project activities and especially women activities. Issues were raised and possible solutions were sorted out. The meeting ended with the formation of a forum which would be responsible to initiate activities for the improvement of women status.
2-                        Health Awareness Campaign:
Basic Health facilities in the area are very pathetic. People are suffering from common disease which could be mostly overcome with hygiene practices. Health problems could also be solved with awareness rising, in which the project is playing its role. They are disseminating messages on different topics like Primary Healthcare and Hygiene, Nutrition and Health related general problems and common infectious diseases in the area. The outcome and objective of the health awareness campaign is to create awareness among women and men and bring change and improvement in their health. Total of 40 health awareness campaigns have been organized this year.
3-                     Traditional Birth Attendants’ Training:
Never before in the history of Kohistan had any organization or project succeeded in the field of women development. LASOONA accepted the challenge and under VLDC component it came up with the formation of Women Community Organizations (WCOs). Health facilities in the area are poor and there is no lady doctor in the whole of Kohistan district. It was very difficult to conduct TBA training in this type of conservative area. The project staff and especially female staff faced many difficulties in this regard. But the VLDC staff worked with zeal and dedication in a professional manner. The project has identified 14 women and trained them as TBA in Kohistan to bring change and improvement in their health.
4-                     Girls’ Education Awareness Campaign:
Female literacy ratio is very low in District Kohistan. The objective of Girls’ Education Awareness Campaign is to enhance awareness regarding importance of education in general and girls’ education in particular. The project organized 42 Girls’ Education Awareness Campaigns in various communities at SOUs level. The expected outcome of the Education Awareness Campaign is to benefit from the existing facilities and available resources in the area and willingness to send their children to school and especially girl child.
5-                     Girls’ Education Awareness Campaign:
The project staff with the support of DIU, BADP-II organized a Free Medical Camp. The doctors attended thousands of patients, both men and women, and also distributed medicines among them.
6-                     Non Formal Schools:
To improve literacy level the project established 2 Non Formal Schools for girls in village Bankail and Tehsil Banda (SOU Pattan). The community identifies the teacher and provides residence as well, while the salary is paid by the Project. These schools follow the government’s curriculum. The MCO/WCO and especially parents monitor and look after the school. Moreover, they also motivate other fellows to send their kids to school. Sites have been identified for three new schools and would shortly be established.
7-                     Formation of WCOs, MCOs, WVOs and MVOs:
The Project has so far formed 80 Women Community Organizations, 82 Male Community Organizations, 8 Women Village Organizations and 21 Male Village Organizations. All the organizations formed are functional.
8-                     Office Bearer Training (Men):
The Project staff identifies community members for OBT, conducted 15 courses so far. It is 3 days training course designed for the president, secretaries and active members of MCOs from different communities. The objective of the training is conceptual clarity about organization, record keeping, development, communication and linkages with line departments and other organization and development projects working in the area. One such course was also designed for women, which focused on social mobilization process, record keeping, linkages with line department, resolution, role of women in development, communication and role and responsibilities of president and secretary.
9-                  Activist Training (Men):
The project staff identified 40 community activists based on the performance after OBT for activists training. Training was conducted in two phases, with 20 participants in each, at Swat organized by LASOONA. It was 7 days course including one day field trip. It focuses on the concept of participation and development approaches and leadership and management skill. After the training the participants are skill full of good communicator, presentation, planning and basic accountancy and record keeping as well.
10-               Manager Conference:
LASOONA- District Kohistan organized 15 manager conferences at SOU and Tehsil level with the active participation of community members and the representatives of line departments. It was a one day event. The purpose of the activity was to create awareness among participants regarding BADP-II activities, approach, procedure and methodology of work. The community members got opportunities to express their views and ideas and developed linkages between the community members and line department for sustainable development.
11-               Skill Development Training:
Skill development training courses have been designed for selected community members in different trades of Carpentry, Electrician, Mechanic, Welding, Refrigeration, Tailoring, Computer hardware, Driving and Plumbing for duration of one and a half month to six months. The outcome of the training is to enhance skill, generate income and availability of local skilled persons for jobs and businesses. Total 58 candidates for training were identified, nominated and recommended by the community. After selection the candidates were sent to Govt. Polytechnic Institute Mingora Swat. All the courses successfully completed and certificate and training report also submitted by the Institute in time. The driving course conducted for 10 students out of 58 in Govt. driving course in Peshawar.
Similarly, female candidates have been selected and Bint-e-Malakand Welfare Organization has been contacted for implementation of Embroidery and Sewing training to Women Community Organization.
12-               Linkages:
The Project acknowledges the efforts of Health Department and BADP-II PLU, Peshawar who have appointed LHV and Lady Doctor at Dassu Rural Health Center at District Kohistan with full cooperation and support of VLDC.

LASOONA through the Village Level Development Component (VLDC) also implement the following additional components of the Project with the assistance of district line agencies and local communities;

I. Agriculture & Natural Resource Management
 a. Agriculture Extension/Research:
This component focuses on improving food security in income of farmers in the project area through introducing improved practices at village level for (i) cereal crops demonstration (ii) gram demonstration (iii) oil seed demonstration and (iv) adoptive research trail (V) training of village extension workers and farmers.
b. Horticulture Extension:
This component focuses on improving nutrition and income of the people through (i) demonstration/promotion of season specific vegetables in the project area (ii) introducing kitchen gardening (iii) demonstration of fruits and vegetables preservation practices (iv) promotion of date palm and wild bird zizyphus plantation in the southern dry parts of the project area (v) establishment of fruit plant nurseries.
c. Soil & Water Conservation:
This component will focuses on conservation of soil & water in the project area through improved resource management practices and provision of spurs, protection bunds, water ponds, check dams, and training in better management practices.
 d. Livestock Production:
Under the Livestock subcomponent village level initiatives which are low in cost and popular with livestock owners will be undertaken. These initiatives will support increased animal productivity through strengthening of existing veterinary institutions. AI centers and use of improved breeds, better nutrition balance and village based preventive health and basic treatment for livestock. Increased focus will be given to integrate the improved nutrition schemes and the enhancement of improvement of livestock breeds. The training of male/female livestock extension workers to support improving livestock returns for women will also be stressed.
 e. Forestry Development
The forestry subcomponent aims at conservation of forest and rangelands within the project area in order to provide for fuel wood and other uses of the local population on sustainable basis. Activities will include (i) training in participatory social forestry methods and village use planning and zoning (ii) establishment of community and farmer nurseries (iii) afforestation (iv) promote income generation activities for community through better NRM practices and (v) involving women in forestry interventions.
II- Participatory Small Scale Infrastructure Development
This component includes the provision of small scale community infrastructure identified and prioritized with the village organization through a participatory development process with the assistance of LASOONA and line departments. These small scale infrastructure include (i) irrigation schemes (ii) drinking water supply schemes (iii) sanitation schemes (iv) feeder roads (v) shingle link roads and (vi) micro hydel schemes. These schemes will be implemented through village organizations assisted by concern line departments technically.  

Research & Development Project on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants (RDMAP)

Funding Agency: Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation (SDC) through Intercooperation (IC) and Innovations for Poverty Reduction Project (IPRP)
Project Location:     District Swat
Project Duration:     2004-2007
Project Cost:               Pak Rs. 8.3 million

Project Background
Research and Development on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Project (RDMAP) started in Lalku valley in August 2004. The project is a joint venture of LASOONA and Innovation for Poverty Reduction Project (IPRP). The project aims to undertake participatory research and development actions to improve livelihood of the poor and marginalized communities of Lalku valley.
Phase I (August 2004 to May 2006):
During this phase, the project focused on the proper management of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs). During this period, the project team conducted participatory researches on enhancing income of poor communities through sustainable management of MAPs.
Phase II (April 2006 to December 2007):
In April 2006, a plan of operation has been prepared for nine months of Phase II in which all stakeholders participated. In this plan, special emphasis is given to the recommendations of the external review and the strategic shift in SDC programme for Pakistan.
In the new plan, the project interventions are not only dealing with MAPs but also with innovative ways for livelihood improvement by sustainable natural resources management (NRM). The plan consists of an integrated natural resource management approach, including NTFPs, agriculture and livestock related interventions.
The plan of operation consists of five results and for each result a number of activities have been proposed, which will contribute to the achievement of these results. In these nine months, from April to December 2006, the plan was successfully implemented and the desired target was achieved in almost all activities. All the project interventions have contributed to poverty reduction, gender mainstreaming, empowerment and sustainable utilization of natural resources. In these nine months efforts have also been made for the self management of interest groups.
Goal:The overall goal of the project is to contribute to sustainable livelihood of Lalku communities.

Objectives of the project
Objectives of this project are to enable:
  • The self managed (male and female) interest groups to actively participate in decision making and negotiate better access and use of natural resources
  • The local communities to adopt practices for sustainable use of their natural resources, especially NTFPs, and explore means to protect their Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
  • The interest groups to capture more market opportunities based on greater influence on local dynamics of value chain
  • The existing Interest groups to prioritize innovative practices in agriculture and livestock to enhance productivity
Brief Description of the Project Components
A-                    Strengthening and Self Management of Interest Groups (IGs)
A variety of activities conducted for self management of IGs include Training Need Assessment for two male IGs and one female IG through experts, Basic Skills Development training at field office Sakhra, in which 22 IG members were trained in strengthening of IGs, two exposure visits, one orientation session for female IG members, two Non Formal Education schools for children involved in NTFP collection and linkages development with education department for their support and recognition, preparation of Strategic Plan for strengthening of LASOONA, small action fund for income enhancement and collective saving of female IGs and establishment of two functional literacy centers for female IGs with a total of 70 students. Moreover, the project has also developed linkages with different projects and government line departments. Under the linkages facilitation component, three water supply schemes are in progress and three IGs have started to register as a CCB. In addition, the project team also arranged an event for the review of Bar Lalku INRM plan. All the government line departments and projects presented their progress, lessons learnt and future potentials. Due to this intervention of the project, the Forest department afforested 150 acres of land, fisheries department introduced trout fish, agriculture department established plots of off season vegetables and provided pesticides and spray pumps to the community.
B-      Sustainable Use of Natural Resources Especially NTFPs
The Project area is potent in NTFPs and for their sustainable use certain activities are being carried out. These activities include training of IGs in wild honeybee keeping (9 beekeepers trained), two lemongrass, jute and turmeric plots on trial basis, five pre and post-harvest management trainings for sustainable harvesting of MAPs- out of which 2 were for female IGs and establishment of Village Resource Centers (2 with males and 1 with females) to disseminate the knowledge, information and demonstration regarding MAPs. In addition, the project conducted a survey and organized a workshop for the inclusion of NTFPs’ chapter in the village plan of Bar Lalku and arranged lectures in high schools about conservation. Later on, quiz competition was organized for the students.
C-      Promoting Market Related Opportunities With Local Dynamics
Under this result, the project trained 3 male IG members and 17 female IG members in market competence and facilitated the IGs in linkages development. For this purpose, three events were organized including a visit to Akbar Mandi, Lahore. The project also trained four IGs in proper management of black amlook. After training the IG member collected black amlook and processed according to the resource person’s guidance. Then 25 mound black amlook were marketed in Mingora with 40 % higher prices.
D-     Improvements in Agriculture and Livestock Related Practices of IGs
The project also has played and is playing its role in improving agriculture and livestock related practices. The project team conducted PRA exercise with female IGs for identifying their priorities in agriculture and livestock related interventions. Four trainings in two IGs about poultry management and general livestock rearing have been conducted. Similarly, three male IGs have been trained in urea treatment for proper fodder storage. One of the major achievements of the project is preparation of MAPs based concentrated feed for livestock with the help of local Hakeem. As been tested by Veterinary Research Institute Peshawar, the feed has excellent results. Thirty four kitchen gardens have been established with female IGs, producing peas, turnips and French beans. Moreover, the project also organized an exposure visit for female IGs to Ranra Welfare Organization in Mingora. Ten female IG members along with two male participated in the visit. The project also mobilized an already trained livestock extension worker who is now offering his services in the said field.

Agriculture Livelihoods Rehabilitation Project for Distt: Shangla & Kohistan.

Funding Agency:     Deutsche Welthungerhilf/German Agro Action, and BMZ
Project Location:     District Shangla and Kohistan
Project Period:         2006-2008
Project Budget:       Pak Rs. 50 million

Project Background
Agriculture Livelihoods Rehabilitation Project” is working in 10 earthquake-affected union councils of District Shangla and Kohistan since September 2006. The project has been designed in response to the recent devastating earthquake of October 08, 2005 with the perspective to reduce the susceptibility of the target communities towards potential future natural disasters through rehabilitation and improvement of the agricultural basis and risk reducing measures. The earthquake which had not only created new vulnerable groups, including hundreds of homeless widows and orphans, disabled people and single-parent households with high dependency ratios but had also damaged the existing agrarian infrastructure upon which about 80 % of the local population was dependent for their livelihoods.
To achieve its ultimate objective or bring desirable changes, the project works on three sub-sectors of agriculture i.e. agrarian infrastructure, crops production and livestock improvement. It is focusing on:
a)     A restoration and development of rural-agrarian infrastructure
b)    Establishment of foundations for improved field production taking erosion problem into account and
c)     Establishment of foundations for improved and productive animal husbandry in the target communities.
Goal:To rehabilitate earthquake affected families in 10 Union Councils of Shangla and Kohistan Districts.
Objectives of the project
The following objectives have been devised to achieve the main purpose of the project:
  1. To organize CBOs (Community Based Organizations) and WUAs (Water User Associations) in the target communities, capable of working and making decisions and their knowledge and skills regarding effective water utilization and maintenance of communal infrastructure has improved
  2. To restore and improve the rural agrarian infrastructure and implement new infrastructure facilities supported through erosion-prevention measures.
  3. To establish foundations for improved production in field cultivation and fruit orchard production, taking erosion problem into account
  4. To establish foundations for improved and productive animal husbandry
Brief Description of Project Components
1.     Social Mobilization and strengthening of CBOs and WUAs
Social mobilization plays key role in development. For the purpose, a social mobilization strategy was chalked out just after the inception of the project. A project message was developed, which contained information about the project interventions, donors, implementers and interpreted the role of community in implementation of the project. Initially meetings were held with local body members and other notables of the community to prepare ground for village level dialogues. During these meetings, the project message was delivered, information about the project interventions was given and dates, venues and timings were chalked out for village level dialogues. The project team developed a spatial plan and formulated teams to hold dialogues in different villages in target UCs. The communities were asked to organize themselves into structured Community Based Organizations (CBOs). The CBO formation process was fully facilitated by the project. Consequently, 79 CBOs emerged in ten union councils out which 59 were newly formed while the remaining were the CBOs formed by LASOONA under Malakand Rural Development Project, and Barani Area Development Project while some were formed by Palas Conservation and Development Project.
Side by side the project developed and distributed the minutes’ registers and resolution pads among the CBOs to streamline the social mobilization and project implementation processes.
Important needs of the community were identified and prioritized using RRA tools. During interaction with the communities, profiles of 75 activists were developed to identify individuals that could facilitate the project team in implementation process.
In order to enhance the competencies of the newly formed CBO members’ three training events were organized on managerial skills. More than 100 managers (presidents and general secretaries) of the CBOs participated in these events. They were educated about the history, importance and need of organized groups as well as the structure, membership and registration of CBO etc.
Moreover, the project team collected baseline data in ten union councils pertaining to social setup, agrarian infrastructure and agriculture to use it as a bench mark for assessing impacts of the project in future.
2.     Restoration and Improvement of Agrarian Infrastructure
To restore the agrarian infrastructure, partially or fully damaged during the earthquake and subsequent rainfalls, the project started implementing different restorative measures after the formation of community groups. In this connection the engineering team, after the completion of need identification and prioritization process, conducted technical and social feasibility surveys of potential sites for rooftop water harvesting at union council Sarkool and for damaged protection walls at union councils Shang, Dandai, Sarkool and Haran. The potential pasture tracks were identified in union councils Shapur, Sharakot, Shang, Dandai and Pirkhana but social and technical feasibility survey of only one track was carried due to budgetary constraints. On the basis of the surveys project digests and bill of quantities were prepared for two rooftop water harvesting schemes, three retaining wall schemes, twelve retaining wall schemes and one pasture track rehabilitation scheme. Terms of Partnership (ToPs) agreements were signed with the concerned CBOs to clarify the roles and responsibilities of both the organization and community in the implementation of schemes. The local contractors supply stone, sand and gravel etc. on signed contracts. However, the cement was procured and supplied by the donor (GAA) to the warehouses at Besham and Pattan from where it was transported to the sites. For each scheme, five members’ monitoring committees were constituted within the concerned CBOs. All the communities provide labour on cash for work basis. More than 60 % of the construction work has been completed on almost all the schemes.
Slopping Agricultural Land Technology is an agro forestry technique, meant for controlling soil erosion and increasing soil fertility in the hilly areas. The project is also working on this technology on pilot basis. Suitable sites have been identified for SALT and the team will start physical work on the sites in the forthcoming monsoon season .
3.     Improved production and Establishment of Fruit Orchards with Focus on Erosion
District Shangla and Kohistan are situated in extreme north of the NWFP. The area has been endowed with good climatic and edaphic conditions for growing almost all types of crops and orchards native to temperate regions. Unfortunately, farmers of the area have very little interactions with the research organizations, government extension departments and progressive farmers in the rest of the province due to remoteness from the major urban centers and commercial markets. For this reason, the project proposed an agricultural package not only to recover the damages to the agriculture caused by the recent earthquake but also to establish foundations for improved agricultural production in the area.
The project also provided training to 35 farmers in orchard management, top working and off-season vegetables production at ARI- Swat because it was necessary to develop a cadre of trained farmers having both the scientific and traditional knowledge base of crop production. Training Group Profile (TGP) technique was used for selecting suitable farmers for the training. The training was carried out in two different events in Shangla and Kohistan. The training was facilitated by four resource persons from ARI- Swat.
To complement and make the outcomes of the community farmers training more fruitful in terms of agriculture production a 5 day exposure visit was organized for 21 farmers to ARI Swat, CABI Mingora, Tarnaab Farm Peshawar, LASOONA Saidu Sharif and Hujra organization. Objective of the visit was to explore the possibilities and opportunities for developing linkages with growers associations, organizations and NGOs for services provision and enhancing agriculture yield especially from orchards and off season vegetables production.
Looking into the suitable climate for growing orchards and raising off-season vegetables in the project area, a number of off-season vegetables and orchards demonstration plots of were established in nine union councils. These include nine orchards plots of apple, apricot, plum, persimmon, pears, cherry, sweet orange, china lemon and walnut (one orchard per union council), seven off season potato plots, two pea and turnip plots each. However, tomato plots will be established later on in the month of June, 2007. For plots establishment services of consultants were hired from reputed agricultural institutes. Besides demonstration plots 117 orchards of apple, apricot, plum, persimmon, pears, cherry, sweet orange, china lemon and walnut were also established in the erosion threatened areas of nine union councils. Horticulturists from ARI- Swat provided technical expertise in this activity. It is expected that the orchards will not only prevent the fragile soil from erosion but will also enhance the economic conditions of the local farmers.
Furthermore, the project developed extension/ awareness material for the community farmers and the trained individuals in the form of five brochures, one user guide and three crop calendars. The calendars have been designed especially for the district Shangla and district Kohistan.
IDistribution of Agricultural Inputs

To ensure the availability of seeds and agricultural hand tools, that had been lost during to earthquake, the agriculture section of the project after thorough consultation with the experts of Agriculture Research Institute (ARI), CABI, and PCDP, suggested specific varieties and types of seeds and tools for distribution among the neediest rural households. Accordingly, procurement was done by GAA in the light of bills of quantities prepared by the project staff. The quantities procured were
140 bags of 25 Kg maize seeds (Azam variety), 880 bags of 25 Kg maize grade fertilizers, 470 sets of common light tools, 302 sets of rare light tools and 212 sets of heavy tools. The commodities were distributed among the beneficiaries according to the distribution plan developed by the project staff.


Improved Accessibility to MNCH Services

Project Title:             Improved Accessibility to MNCH Services
Funding Agency:      PAIMAN/JSI/USAID
Project duration:      Dec. 2008- Nov. 2009
Project Cost:            Pak Rs. 1.8 million
Project Location:      District Swat

Humanitarian Aid for Internally Displaced Persons in NWFP

Project Title:             Humanitarian Assistance for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
Funding Agency:      Malteser International
Project Cost:             Pak Rs. 2 million
Project Duration:      July – September 2009
Project Location:      District Mardan and District Swat

Project Background:

The conflict between Pakistani armed forces and Islamic militants in Bajaur, Dir, Swat and Buner districts of north Pakistan displaced around 2.4 million persons, with an estimated 1.9 million leaving the conflict zone. Although a peace deal was agreed upon in February 2009, military operations resumed in April, resulting in the mass displacement. As the government cleared areas of militant presence, it announced internally displaced persons (IDPs) could begin returning on July 13. As of July 27, the Government of Pakistan reported that over 573,000 IDPs have returned the majority to their homes in southern Swat, with the remaining to Buner and Dir Districts in NWFP.
The hardship faced by the IDPs due to hot weather, congestion, lack of basic facilities and homesickness speeded up the return process with passage of every single day. They even entered those areas that were not declared clear by the Pakistan government, in the first place. The return itself was a nightmare for IDPs, as long queues on the security check points, lack of food supplies, higher food prices, limited supply of drinking water due to damaged water supply schemes. Low electricity voltage further increased their hardships (out of the frying pan into the fire).   

LASOONA- Society for Human and Natural Resource Development and Malteser International under the MoU signed in mid July started a project under the title of “Humanitarian Aid for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) (out of camps) in the North West Frontier Province to reduce the sufferings of the displaced families living with host communities in district Mardan. The project aimed to provide people affected by the displacement with the most necessary relief items and support in the area of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene.

Initially the project was supposed to be implemented in selected Unions Councils of district Mardan but as majority of the displaced people returned to their respective areas, major part of the project was decided to be implemented in the conflict affected UCs of district Swat. A well-organised campaign of hygiene promotion, sanitation improvement and safe drinking water was chalked out by LASOONA in collaboration with Malteser International for the conflict-affected people.

Project Components:     

1.     Health and Hygiene Awareness Sessions
2.     Non Food items (NFIs) distribution

Project Achievements:
         ·    Beneficiaries were identified for Health and Hygiene sessions and for NFIs kit distribution.
·    Separate sessions were held with male and female project beneficiaries by male and female project staff respectively.
·    Distribution points were arranged in center of the Union Councils to issue NFIs kits on the doorstep to IDPs in Mardan and the same strategy was adopted in District Swat.
·     500 NFIs kits were distributed to 157 Female and 343 Male IDPs in District Mardan.
·    But as majority of the displaced people returned to their respective areas, then 3500 NFIs were distributed to 3018 Male and 482 Female beneficiaries in District Swat.

Pakistan Safe Drinking Water & Hygiene Promotion Project (PSDW-HPP)

Project title:              Pakistan Safe Drinking Water and Hygiene Promotion Project
Funding Agency:     USAID through Abt. Associate Inc.
Project Cost:            Pak Rs.10 Million
Project Duration:     September 2007-March, 2009
Project Location:     District Shangla and District Battagram

Project Background:
Majority of the population of both districts had limited access to safe drinking water and sanitation services. Together, these shortcomings spawn waterborne diseases that were responsible for majority of the deaths in children under the age of five. These water-borne diseases include diarrhea, Cholera, Typhoid, Shigella, Polio, Meningitis, Hepatitis A and E and Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs).
Residents of both districts were using water from river Indus (the most contaminated water from the surrounding tributary). Perennial streams (with fluctuating water flow), seasonal springs and open earth ponds used both for human drinking and livestock as well. There was no concept of water filtration or disinfection on community/household level. The drinking water was also contaminated from kitchen waste (from the local hotel and houses), hospital waste and poultry waste disposed in the running water streams from auto workshops, barber shops etc. from which the communities directly get water for drinking purposes. Heavy metals such as copper, lead, mercury and selenium, which get into the water from automobile workshops. Moreover, strong windstorms gave impetus to the water contamination as the open yard storage was farmyard manure and kitchen manure has blown to the water reservoirs. Open latrine were common in the area and even the outlets of these latrines were mostly directed to the streams and springs the sewage sludge of which is ultimately flushed to the water source by rain fall.
Project Goal: To reduce the rate of Diarrhea in the target group (children less than five years of age).
Project Components: Capacity building through Health and Hygiene Promotion in community and in Schools (students & teaches). 
Project Achievements:
·       In-group sessions 561 mothers and 360 fathers were trained on hygiene promotion.
·       80 women volunteers were identified and trained on hygiene promotion.
·       42 Doctors 98 Mulvis and 21 NGOs staff were trained on hygiene promotion.
·       4 local events and 4 Melas held in both Districts.
·       2 staff members working on filtration plants were trained on Filtration plants operation.
·       2 staff member of education departments were trained on hygiene promotion.
·       Total 990 teachers (Male and Female) were trained on health and hygiene promotion.
·     5759 Male students and 1501 Female students were trained on hygiene promotion and school activity book (Daryaft Ka Safar).

Participatory Planning & Natural Resource Management Project.

Project Title:             Participatory Planning and Natural Resource Management Project (PPNRM)
Funding Agency:      Deutsche Welthungerhilfe / German Agro Action (WHH/GAA)
Project Cost:             Pak Rs. 22 Million
Project Duration:       April 2008-Feb. 2010
Project Location:       District Shangla and  District Kohistan 

Project Background:       
LASOONA- Society for Human and Natural Resource Development entered into a partnership with the Deutsche Welthungarhilfe/ German Agro Action (WHH/GAA) for the implementation of 21 months follow up project for the livelihood improvement of 7 earthquake affected union councils of district Shangla and Kohistan. It was a follow up project of the ALRP focusing on the rehabilitation and development of the target communities affected in the earth quack. The project interventions were planned to contribute to four results. Under the result one 7 target villages prepared their INRM plans.

Project Goal:
  Assist the farming communities improve their livelihood status through increased farm productivity and efficient management of natural resources

Project Components:   
1.    Integrated Natural resource Management.
    Community groups have acquired improved skills for increases productivitity in cereal, horticulture, apiculture, and livestock though capacity building and have developed productive linkages with market.
     The target groups have realized the importance of farm forestry in project context, developed sites for agro-forestry plantation and are activley engaged in post care and management of sites
      The implementing partner (LASOONA) has built capacity of its human resources for effective and efficient implementation of the overall organization program leading to greater organizational sustainability;
Project Achievement:
Developed seven Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM) plans for selected villages in the seven union councils of the project area in participatory events
Total 101 check dams were constructed and ensured the protection of 503 Acres lands of 445 Households.
Total 8 irrigation Channels were constructed and ensured the protection of 931 Acres cultivated land of 579 households.
Maize and Wheat seeds were distributed. 
15 different Demonstration plants of Cereal crops were established and capacity was built in cereal crops.
Established Model Fruit orchards, off-season vegetable plots and introduced high values vegetables.
Established Demonstration plots of fodder and practically demonstrated hay and silage making.
Reseeding in Rangelands was also done.
Established Crop Rotation Demo Plots and intercropping demonstration plots
Slopping Agriculture Land Technology Related interventions conducted.
Conduction of Training on Honey Bees Rearing and Improved Mud Hive Demonstration
2 Training conducted on Improved Marketing Techniques
Product Promotion through Marketing Trials
1 Shop Displayed at Pattan Kohistan of (Honey Bee)
1 Exposure Visit of the Trained Individuals conducted
86 Training in Compost Making arranged and conducted
Agro forestry and Hillside plantation conducted in the project area.
Training in Agro Forestry Techniques   
2 Nursery raised of Agro Forestry plants
Developed Financial Management system of LASOONA

Community Disability Project Distt. Shangla

Project Title:            Community Based Disability Project District Shangla
Funding Agency:     
Handicap International
Project Cost:           
Pak Rs.2.1 Million       
Project Duration:     
March- September, 2009
Project Location:    
District Shangla
Project Background:
On the morning of October 8, 2005, a devastating earthquake, measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale, struck the area. It took a while to comprehend the scale of destruction that the quake had unleashed. In the two weeks following, the quake had left over 50,000 dead in Pakistan. A second wave of deaths was expected with the onset of the region’s notorious winter. It also had a significant negative impact on livelihoods in district Shangla. According to the poverty ranking 28.8 percent population of the district Shangla was below poverty line. The earthquake exacerbated the existing poverty and created new vulnerable groups in the district, including hundreds of homeless widows and orphans, disabled people and single-parent households with high dependency ratios.
The Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) lived in a social set up where there was lack of awareness about their rights and so were left disempowered in the society. PWDs were characterized by Illiteracy and low level of skills, lack of resources or inability to access resources, and lack of employment opportunities not only at the local level but also at the national level. The handicap people were also discriminated on the basis of their disabilities and hence socially excluded. In remote areas like district Shangla these problems effected the special people more than other areas of the country due to prevalence of wide spread poverty and natural topography of the area. The PWDs were considered as a burden not only on the families but also on the community by the society. These dependencies had created low level of self-esteem in the people with disability and considered themselves as an idle part of the society. Lack of skills, low literacy level and absence of suitable economic opportunities at the local level contributed to their low income and poverty. They had been caught in the vicious cycle of poverty for whole of their lives.

The project aimed to empower the PWDs by integrating them into family unit as well as in the society and community thus earn them dignity and respect. The capacities of the handicaps were enhanced to enable them to use the natural endowments sustainably and to provide them with the means of livelihoods. The strategy was based on the practical needs and interests of the PWDs and families with disable people. It helped PWDs to focus on their capabilities rather than on their problems, thus enabling them to contribute to the family income. Such an empowerment made them capable to be on the giving side rather than on the receiving end, with dignity and respect on one hand while on the other being a vital unit of society contributes to the local and national economy
Project Goal: To empower people with disabilities socially, economically and politically.

Project Achievements:

·       ToT arranged for project staff on Apiculture (Bee rearing, Honey collection and marketing).
·       People with disabilities (PWDs) were trained on Apiculture (Bee rearing, Honey collection and marketing).
·       119 langstroth boxes were distributed among 119 People with disabilities (PWDs).
·       Brochures on honeybees rearing were developed and distributed in communities.
·       Two extractor machines were procured and granted to the community for honey extraction and collection.
·       Honey was sold, produced from provided langstroth boxes to PWDs.
·       PWDs income was increased 20% from apiculture.

Rapid Emergency WASH Project

Project Title:                       Rapid Onset Emergency Project
Funding Agency:                Oxfam-GB
Project Cost:                       Pak Rs. 24 million        
Project Duration:                July - December 2009
Project Location:                 Distirct Swat

Project Introduction

Water, sanitation and hygiene related disease cause significant deaths and sickness in emergencies. Even without the disruption of an emergency, diarrhea is the second biggest killer of children under five acute respiratory tract infections.

In emergency situations, epidemics of diarrheal diseases can also cause a high death toll in the adult population. In order to have an impact on health, it is critical that intervention address not only the provision of the hardware such as water pumps and toilet but also ensure that these facilities are used effectually. The Public Health Promotion and Public Health Engineering activities under the WASH aim to ensure Safe water and sanitation conditions are enhanced on one hand while on the other the these facilities are used and that people particularly children and women, the most vulnerable segment, take necessary action to mitigate water and sanitation related disease .

“Rapid Onset Emergency-IDPs in NWFP” was a collaborative project of LASOONA and Oxfam-GB which served 15,000 returnee’s IDPs families of District Swat living in five Union Council Qamber, Rahimabad, Malook Abad, Saidu Sharif and Amankot/Faizabad. Under the project, 15,000 Non Food Items (NFIs) comprising of Hygiene, Kitchen and household sets were distributed among vulnerable communities, while 2000 latrine Kits provided to those returnees IDPs who have no adequate facilities in their houses.

Under the public health engineering component, about 142 water and sanitation schemes with other essentials solid waste collection points were constructed for IDPs of the selected union councils.

Food Security Assistance for Conflict Affected vulnerable Families

Project Title:             Food Security Assistance for Conflict Affected Vulnerable Families
Funding Agency:      CWS/ECHO
Project duration:       Dec. 2009- July, 2010
Project Cost:             Pak Rs. 41 Million
Project Location:       District Swat

Pakistan Jobs Project- District Swat

Project Title:                        USAID/Pakistan Jobs Project,
Funding Agency:                Abt. Associates/USAID/Care International
Project Cost :                      Pak Rs. 19 Million   
Project duration:               June-September 2010
Project Location:              
District Swat

Project Background:
Pakistan Jobs project objective which is to improve Pakistan’s enabling environment for increased, equitable economic growth by strengthening its workforce development systems. The LASOONA/USAID Pakistan Jobs project comprised of two components mainly Agriculture & Industrial as assigned to LASOONA. Under USAID Pakistan Jobs Project Total 800 Trainees were identified and after final selection trainings in Agriculture and Industrial sectors were conducted for the capacity building of labors and farmers. In Agriculture sector 100 female were trained in Basic Livestock Management and Animal husbandry, 25 male were trained in Basic Poultry Management, 75 male and 25 female were trained in Post-harvest Management for fruits and Orchards, 25 male and 25 female were trained in Post-harvest management for commercial vegetables, 75 male were trained in ICM and 25 male were trained in Basic Nursery Management.
In industrial sector 200 male were trained in silk mills ,80 female were trained in cosmetic industries , 60 male were trained in Plastics industries ,30 male were trained in packaging industries and 39 male were trained in furniture industries.

Project Goal:
To enhance technical skills level of the labor force to improve chances of employment of the unskilled/Semi skilled labor in the industrial & agriculture sectors.

Project Components:
Capacity Building of unskilled and Semi-skilled labor in Agriculture and Industry sectors     

Project achievements:
·       80 Female trained in Cosmetic Industry.
·       60 Male trained in Plastic Industry.
·       30 Male trained in Package industry.
·       200 Male trained in Silk mills.
·       40 Male trained in furniture industry.
·       100 Female trained in Basic Livestock Management Training.
·       75 Male and 25 Female trained in post-harvest management for fruit & orchards.
·       25 Male and 25 Female trained in post-harvest management for commercial vegetables.
·       25 Male trained in Basic Poultry management
·       25 Male trained in Nursery management.   
Placement Position after trainings:
·       133 trained beneficiaries were placed in silk Mills.
·       28 trained beneficiaries were placed in Furniture Industry
·       03 trained beneficiaries were placed in Package Industry
·       22 trained beneficiaries were placed in Cosmetics Industry
·       4 trained beneficiaries were placed in Poultry farms. 

Emergency Livelihood Support to Facilitate Return & Early Recovery

Project Title:             Emergency livelihood support to facilitate return and early recovery in Pakistan’s
Funding Agency:      Oxfam GB/OFDA
Project Cost:             PKR. 226 Million
Project Duration:       September 2009 to December, 2010            
Project Location:       District Swat

Project Background:
In district Swat agriculture including livestock rearing is the primary source of employment, where 85% of the population is involved in agriculture. It can be safely said that the livelihood of around 1.5 million people of this conflict affected district (six in every 10 persons) is directly linked to agriculture. Self-employed individuals, largely comprising owner cultivators and shop owners/small traders, account for the largest share of employment. Self-employment accounts for almost 60 percent of employment in rural areas of affected areas, reflecting the importance of agriculture and livestock-rearing, while paid employment in private and public sector dominates employment in urban areas. Notably, manufacturing, utilities, mining and finance account for a very small proportion of employment in the affected districts. This would also imply that the brunt of the loss to livelihoods due to the disaster would be borne by the informal sector, comprising of small traders, businesses and households engaged in agriculture & livestock-rearing. Security situation in Swat was anomalous for the last two years, which worsened in January 2009 and culminated during the period May-July 2009, when military started massive operation in the area. More than two million people flee their abodes, which is the largest number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) since the partition. People were allowed to return to their houses in August 2009 after successful army operation.

The largest source of livelihood loss in rural areas is disruptions in agricultural and livestock based activities, like milk production. The livestock both large and small died either because it was not possible to feed them or most of the IDPs while leaving their homes sold their livestock, being their only asset, receiving very little prices. Livestock losses, besides representing significant losses in terms of capital assets, have enormous impact on the incomes of households. In many rural households, livestock and poultry are a primary source of self-employment. In agriculture, loss in output and employment has occurred due to inability to harvest crops, loss of acreage for cultivation, and inability to prepare land for the next season. Farming families mainly rely on two crops a year. The timing of the military operation has unfortunately coincided with the advent of harvesting of Rabi crops that is followed by the sowing of Kharif ones. The fruits and vegetables got rotten during transportation to the markets due to road closures and curfew for days. The fruits and vegetables also overripe and spoiled in fields, as the farmers were unable to pick and transport on time due to long curfew durations. LASOONA – Society for Human and Natural Resource Development and Oxfam-GB, based on the assessments conducted under CERINA forum and direct interaction with affected people, started to respond to the worse livelihoods situation in early October, 2009.  The response was mainly to provide livelihoods support, to the most vulnerable households affected during the conflict, in the form of providing temporary employment under Cash for Work (CFW), assets restoration through Cash Grant and distribution of agriculture inputs & agricultural tools.

 Project Achievements:

·         3991 male and female were selected as cash for work beneficiaries in selected union councils.

·         05 Graveyard, 55 Water Channels were cleaned and 02 Garbage were removed.

·         10 Mosques were cleaned and repaired.

·         13 Waste management/collection points were constructed.

·         04 pavements were constructed and 04 communities wells were also dug.

·         Female CFW beneficiaries produced 3071 products and further distributed among 1180 vulnerable families.

·         Cash Grants of Rs. 20,000 to each household were distributed among 5495 vulnerable beneficiaries to rehabilitate their local   livelihoods.

·        Agricultural inputs supports were provided to 2805 affected farmers in selected union councils. (Detail of agriculture inputs per  beneficiary are as under. Onion Tomato Seed DAP, Urea, SOP    Wheat Seeds, Peas seeds, Agriculture Tools (2  hand hoe,1  sickle,1 small weeding and hoeing  digger,1 land fork,1 spade and 1 matox).

Malakand Livelihood Recovery Project- District Swat

Project Title:                        Malakand Livelihood Recovery Project Swat KPK Pakistan.
Funding Agency:                USAID/ Mennonite Economic Development Associates Pakistan
Project Cost:                       Pak Rs. 50.4 Million       
Project Duration:                July 2010 - January 2011
Project Location:                District Swat 

Project Background:
The militancy in Swat and the operation against the militants in the area resulted in insurmountable hardships for a huge population of the area. The conflict situation resulted in huge migration of masses to down districts of the province and other parts of the country .Majority of the people shifted to the district Mardan, Nowshera, Peshawar, Charsada and Swabi. It left a trail of heavy infrastructural damage, human losses, and a severe economic crisis in the war affected region. Eventually, as a result of successful operation, Swat was freed from Militants.
Return of such a gigantic population of IDPs was a big challenge for Pakistan. Because their resettlements, their basic needs like food, shelter for many people, schooling, health facilities and their livelihood restoration was a great problem in the wake of large scale destruction caused at hands of the militants and as a result of the Military Operation against them. However, different National and International humanitarian organizations came to the Swat for providing relief and rehabilitation to the masses of the Swat and Launched different Recoveries Program to recover the livelihoods of the masses of Swat.

LASOONA Society for Human and Natural Resource Development initiated “Malakand Livelihoods Recovery Project” in 3 Union Councils of Tehsil Kabal Swat-KPK as a result of a Memorandum of Understanding with Mennonite Economic Development Associates (MEDA) Pakistan. These Union councils were Kabal, Shah Dherai, and Kalakalay and were selected in consultation with PDMA-PaRRSA based on the magnitude of the severe effect of the insurgency on these areas and their economy. Since, it was not carpet coverage and limited numbers of only conflict-affected households were to be benefited from this project and hence a strict criterion was agreed with USAID Entrepreneurs and PaRRSA for selection of the most affected household. The process of selection was highly transparent and participatory through a logical hierarchy or a well-systematic array of the different supplementary and complimentary activities so as to ultimately reach to the main accomplishments/objectives.
Project Goal:   To mitigate the adverse effects of socio-economic situation in the lives of marginalized communities

Project Objectives:
To help 2400 conflict-affected families through in-kind micro-grants assistance.
Project Components:
LASOONA had designed three types of the packages under this project so that the conflict affectees should be having reasonable choices in prioritizing their needs. A single deserving beneficiary was allowed to benefit from only one package. The placement of a beneficiary for a particular package of micro grants was based on the damage assessment of a person, his background and experience in a particular livelihood field and accordingly his selection for the required micro grants in-kind inputs. Brief composition of packages is given below;
Package – 1
·       Vegetable seeds (peas 2kgs & onion 1.5 kgs)
·       Cereal seeds (wheat one bag of 50 kgs)
·       Fertilizers (Urea one 50 kgs bag, DAP two 50 kgs bags)
·       Tools (2 pieces of hand hoe, 1 sickle, 1 small weeding and hoeing digger, 1 land fork, 1 spade and 1 matox)
·       Sewing machine(one)
Package – 2
·       Seeds of vegetables (peas & onion)
·       Fertilizers (Urea)
·       Tools (2 pieces of hand hoe, 1 sickle, 1 small weeding and hoeing digger, 1 land fork, 1 spade and 1 matox)
·       One goat
·       Six poultry (Layers
·       Vaccination and De-worming                                 
Package –3     
·       1 Goat
·       10 Poultry (Layers)
·       1 bag feed for Poultry
·       Vaccination and De-worming

Project Achievements:
·       Distributed 800 packages in Union Council Bara Abakhel including the following items.
(Urea, DAP, Seeds of (wheat, onion, peas), Goats, Agriculture tools, Poultry birds, Poultry feed and Sewing machines.)
·       Distributed 1407 packages in Union Council Shah Derai and Kala Kalay including the following items.
(Urea, DAP, Seeds of (wheat, onion, peas), Agriculture tools and Sewing machines.)
·       Distributed 193 packages in Union Council Shah Derai and Kala Kalay including the following items.
(Goats, poultry birds and poultry feed).

Livestock Restocking Project- District Swat

Funding Agency:  Oxfam GB.
Project Cost:         
PKR 63 million
Project Duration:   
February- July, 2010 & December 2010
Project Location:       District Swat
Project Background
Livestock in the context of Swat is an integral part of all farming systems and crop-livestock interactions dominate. Livestock have been a major source of food security, providing milk, dairy products and meat at weddings and funerals, and a major source of income for the farmers. Around 90% of farmers keep livestock. Farmers in valleys with irrigation facilities and close to urban centers tend to keep more buffaloes than cows for milk production. Buffaloes are stall fed whereas cattle are grazed. A typical household with 1.5 hectares of irrigated land keeps 2-3 buffaloes, 1-2 cows, 3-4 sheep and goat and 6-10 chicken. In rain fed (barani) areas, cows predominate as they can be grazed and thus requiring less extra feed. Farmers with more than 4 hectares of land usually keep a bullock if tractor services for ploughing are not available. During displacement, livestock were lost due to death from lack of water, fodder, stray bullets and raids by combatants, whereas crop losses were mainly due to missed harvest.

Returning families of District Swat who have already incurred high expenses because of displacement have an urgent need for cash and means of livelihoods. Access to income opportunities was very limited since there was very limited daily work (marble factories have closed due to a lack of electricity), and cash crops have been lost as part of the missed harvests. Savings and assets (including 70% of all livestock) have largely been depleted, and there is an urgent need for external assistance.
Recognizing the important role of livestock, LASOONA in collaboration with Oxfam GB decided to undertake a livestock intervention program to help the conflict -affected families restore their livelihoods.

The interventions were part of LASOONA and Oxfam GB Emergency early livelihood recovery for conflict-affected people in NWFP. The project was implemented in 5 Union Councils of District Swat namely Barabandia, Kuzabandai, Hazara, Kuz -Abakheland Bar-abakhelof Tehsil Kabal.

Swat Livelihood Early Recovery Project- District Swat

Project Title:             Swat Early Livelihood Recovery Project
Funding Agency:      CRS/OFDA
Project duration:       Sept. 2009- July, 2010
Project Cost:             Pak Rs. 40 Million
Project Location:      District Swat

Project Background:

LASOONA as local implementing partner with the support of Catholic Relief Services (CRS) jointly launched Swat Livelihood Early Recovery Project (SLERP) on 1st September 09. The total duration of project (Phase-I) was 6 months. It was basically emergency response project to address conflict affected people which included displaced families and those families who were stuck in war area. Geographically district Swat is divided into two parts i.e. Upper Swat and Lower Swat. Upper Swat was dropped from project area selection as it was not clear at that time and two union councils namely Kota and Udigram from Lower Swat have been selected for project intervention.

Programs have been used in a variety of contexts. Cash-grant, commodity voucher and cash-for-work activities are designed to increase purchasing power, enable beneficiaries to purchase items to meet their priority needs. The programs provided cash grant or vouchers or cash-for-work such as cleaning, repairing, filling or construction of retaining wall for irrigation channel and link road.

Cash grant was a prominent component of the immediate response to the war affected communities and 4200 cash grant were distributed to households in two UCs. The mid term reports described the LASOONA/CRS program, discuss experiences in implementing cash grant, commodity vouchers and CFW activities, and provides key recommendations for the implementation of similar programs in future.

Commodity vouchers and CFW were important components of overall response as it provided a substantial infusion of cash which helped to restart the local economy and provide support to economic markets. CFW provided an essential source of income for the majority of displaced people who have no other source of livelihood. CFW helped to facilitate return to their communities and provided a critical source of cash for war affected communities and helped empower displaced populations to return to pre-war residences. Other reported psychosocial benefits of CFW included providing productive activities for war affected families and giving communities an opportunity to work together. Through CFW 10,000 unskilled and 1000 skilled jobs were provided to local communities in the target UCs.

LASOONA experience in two UCs demonstrated that relief efforts that provide cash disbursements to local populations can be safely delivered on a widespread basis in emergencies, and that, when implemented on a short-term basis, can have positive impacts at the individual as well as the community level. Commodity vouchers provided an opportunity to communities to purchase items on their need basis. CFW program contributed to community recovery by supporting clean-up and reconstruction of projects to restart their agriculture activities.

On the basis of successful implementation of the first phase, Phase-II of the SLERP started from March 2010, and hence the project activities extended to two new Union Councils namely Charbagh and Gulibagh. The project targeted about 2800 families comprised of 19,600 individuals (estimated 10,192 female and 9,408 male).

Emergency Response- Flash Flood WASH Project

Project Title:             Emergency Response- Flash Floods- WASH Project
Funding Agency:      Oxfam/ECHO
Project duration:      Jan- June, 2011
Project Cost:            Pak Rs. 79 Million
Project Location:     District Swat and District Shangla

Early Livelihood Recovery of the Flood Affected People

Project Title:            Early Livelihood Recovery of the flood affected people
Funding Agency:    Welthungerhilfe and BMZ
Project Cost:           Pak Rs. 196 Million         
Project Duration:    October 2010 – August 2011
Project Location:    District Swat , District Shangla and District Kohistan

Project Background:
Pakistan flood 2010 made the people of Malakand division like other parts of the country more vulnerable as the area livelihood assets of the population received severe damages. The effects of the damages were more affecting as this was the third huge disaster in a short period of past 5 years. The earthquake of 2005, followed by militancy and military operations from 2007-2009,  and the 2010 devastating floods increased vulnerability in the area particularly of the more marginalized and low income families. The flood further aggravated the miseries due to huge human losses and by effecting already vulnerable infrastructure of the area. In district Shangla, 158 people were reportedly died, while in Swat and Kohistan 207 and 89 people died due to flash flood waters. More than 150 people in Shangla reportedly injured in these floods. Similarly 2281 houses were fully damaged while 9,405 houses are partially damaged in Swat due to floods. In district Shangla 1,777 houses were fully damaged with 1,874 houses damaged partially in these floods. While situation in Kohistan is not much different from Swat and Shangla, where 1085 houses are completely washed away and 130 houses were partially damaged. Besides, the infrastructure of the area suffered heavily; in some areas complete road network was washed away by flood while in other areas remained blocked due to heavy land sliding. More than 150 Micro hydle power plants and 165 water mills were washed away in Shangla and Kohistan. Pathways, bridges, irrigation channels, water supply schemes, agriculture land and standing crops in the field got severe damages in these areas. The worst affected crops included rice, maize, and orchards of peach and apple, which were at their full productivity stage. In Swat rice, which was at the flowering stage, was most affected as it is usually grown on land near the riverbank and streams as this crop required more water for irrigation. This worst scenario resulted in severe affects on the livelihood of the people and increased in vulnerability and food insecurity as well. 
The flood effects were more affecting the daily bread earners and small farmers because they either lost their land in the flood or their crops were damaged, which was the only source of their livelihood. Knowing the enormity of the situation LASOONA-Society for human and natural resource development with financial assistance of Welthungerhilfe and BMZ initiated its interventions in ten most affected union councils of Swat, Shangla and Kohistan.

 Project Goal: To restore livelihoods of the flood affected population on the pre-flood situation
Project Objectives:
·       The target farmers are able to cultivate their lands.
·       The target beneficiaries improved food consumption and income level increased.
·       The target farmers show improved crop management practices
·       The agricultural infrastructure is repaired.
Project Achievements:-
Total 6751 (Men) and 349 (Women) were selected as beneficiaries.

Total 7100 Agriculture inputs packages were distributed among 6751 Men and 349 women Beneficiaries. (Seeds for cereal crops, vegetable fertilizers for the kharif season and full agriculture tools kit).
·       80 Broad Based Community Meetings (BBCMs) were conducted in different neutral places in targeted union councils.
·       Total of 80 (53 men and 27 women) village level committees were formed during the project period.
·       Total 2,250 male and 450 Female beneficiaries were selected as CFW beneficiaries.
·       137 irrigation channels were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
·       19 linked roads were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
·       182 protection walls were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
·       16 Diversion band were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
·       18 Water Mills were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
·       77 Pathways were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
·       O6 Culverts were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 9 targeted union councils.
·       Female beneficiaries made 1996 shawls, 564 sweaters 200 suits and 300 Quilts under CFW program.
·       1996 shawls, 564 sweaters, 200 suits and 300 Quilts were distributed among 716 women and 121 men beneficiaries.
·      Each of the selected beneficiaries worked for 16 days in a month for four months period and were provided livelihood support of Pak   rupees 22,400each.
·       75 Community Extension workers were trained in ICM and IPM approaches.
·       All the 7100 beneficiaries’ farmers who received the agriculture inputs have been trained on these ICM and IPM approaches.

·       The Trained Community Extension workers transferred knowledge to their follow farmers in their respective villages. 

Flood Emergency Response Project- District Swat

Project Title:             Flood Emergency Response Project
Funding Agency:      CRS/OFDA
Project duration:       Sept. 2010- March, 2011
Project Cost:             Pak Rs. 24 Million
Project Location:      District Swat

Early Recovery Project for Flood affected people in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

Funding Agency:         Malteser International/BMZ
Project Cost:                
Pak Rs.26 Million
Project Duration:          
February – July 2011
Project Location:         
District Swat 

Project Background:
Pakistan has witnessed the most catastrophic and the worst flood in the month of July 2010. The heavy rainfall coupled with melting of glaciers increased water level of rivers and dams caused level of floods in north western and southern parts of the country. Over 1000 of people have lost their lives and thousands are still stranded and exposed to diseases and hazardous conditions if not assisted at emergency basis. There are thousands of people still stuck in the flood and need rescue and emergency assistance. Thousands of families have lost their household and economic assets. Overall, this is the worst flood that the province has witnessed so far with 25 districts affected.
District Swat is one of the severely affected districts of 2010 floods. The rains and subsequent flood in Swat River has broken all records of the past. According to DG NDMA, 1929 flood in Swat River was recorded the highest as at that time when 170,000 cusecs water flooded the river. The floods in Swat that started with the heavy rain fall on July 27th 2010 and unprecedented rise and flow in Swat River (265,000 cusecs on July 28th, 2010) resulted in high level of floods not only in Swat but also in the almost half of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. The floods destroyed the bridges and main roads and communication installation.
The humanitarian organizations have to take lead once again to respond in time to support the affected populations in swat so as so provide them early relief to feed themselves as well as to provide shelter and reconstruct the infrastructure of most urgent nature in time.
The flood effects were more affecting the daily bread earners and small farmers because they either lost their land in the flood or their crops were damaged which was the only source of their livelihood. LASOONA-Society for human and natural resource development with financial assistance of Malteser Intentional initiated its interventions in 2 affected union councils of Swat.

Project Objective:
To provide smallholder farming families affected by the 2010 Monsoon Floods with needed agricultural inputs and cash for work support in order to rehabilitate the affected agricultural system in the identified communities

Project Components:  
·       Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of damage Infrastructure through Cash for work
·       Agriculture inputs distribution among 513 farmers
·       Farmers Capacity Building

Project Achievements:
·       Total 400 male and 100 Female beneficiaries were selected as CFW beneficiaries.
·       24 Diversion structures were reconstructed in targeted Union councils.
·       1 small bridge was constructed in targeted Union Councils.
·       04 Irrigation channels were reconstructed in targeted union councils.
·       01 Path way was reconstructed in targeted union councils.
·       03 Link roads were reconstructed in targeted union councils.
·       05 Protection walls were reconstructed in both Union councils.
·       01 water reservoir was constructed during project period.
·       Female CFW beneficiaries produced 198 suits and further these suits were distributed among vulnerable families.
·       103 farmers received Rice package that include Rice seed, Urea, DAP, Tomato seeds, Okra seeds, Zinc Sulphate and Agriculture tools.
·    410 farmers received maize package that include maize seeds, Urea, DAP, tomato seeds, Okra seeds and Agriculture tools.
·       25 Community extension workers were trained on ICM and IPM approach.
·       500 farmers were trained on ICM and IPM approach. 

Project for Livelihood Improvement- CLRPs

Project for Livelihood Improvement- CLRPs

Emergency Response for Livelihood Early Recovery of the Conflict Affected People

Project Title:                      Livelihoods Early Recovery in Swat, KPK, Pakistan
Funding Agency:              Oxfam GB/Ausaid
Project Duration             Oct 2010 – June 2011
Project Cost:                     Pak Rs. 61 Million
Project Location:              District Swat (UC Kokarai, Manglawar, Telegram , Kishawra and Kotanai)

Project Background:          
Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is faced with the challenge of resettling conflict affected internally displaced persons (IDPs) as well as providing emergency livelihood recovery to facilitate families in regaining their normal lives with dignity. The IDPs from Swat, Buner, Lower and Upper Dir have gradually returned back to their villages but many are facing the challenge of recovering their livelihoods. The emergency situations, from post conflict displacement, worsened when the returning IDPs were hit by the flood disaster in July - August 2010. This resulted in a double shock for the returning IDPs and required additional need for humanitarian assistance.
Keeping in line with the AusAID strategy, Oxfam GB in Pakistan and LASOONA have proposed cash for work  (CFW) programming, which is suitable to provide the much needed cash to vulnerable women and men while supporting work on key communal infrastructures (e.g. clearing debris, rehabilitation of irrigation channels, dug well, water points, drainage channels) at the village level. The CFW project may also have an impact on reducing psychosocial trauma, by involving the population in constructive activities and promoting a sense of normalcy.
Project Goal
Reconstruction and Rehabilitation of infrastructure schemes damaged in conflicts through Cash for Work.

Project Objectives:
  • Improved daily food intake for 2,375 vulnerable conflicts affected households through provision of 4 months cash transfer through CFW activities
  • At least 25% of Cash for Work beneficiaries employed are women and have increased purchasing power.
  • At least 8 key community infrastructures are rehabilitated through CFW schemes improving service delivery.
Project Achievements:    
·       48 Broad Based Community Meeting (BBCM) were conducted in different neutral places in targeted union councils.
·       Total of 48 (26 men and 22 women) village level committees were formed during the project period.
·       Selection criteria were developed for selection of CFW Male and Female beneficiaries.
·       Total 1,675 male and 700 Female beneficiaries were selected as CFW beneficiaries.
·       68 linked roads were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 5 targeted union councils.
·       45 irrigation channels were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 5 targeted union councils.
·       15 pedestrian paths were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 5 targeted union councils.
·       07 retaining walls were reconstructed and rehabilitated in 5 targeted union councils.
·       01 water storage pond was reconstructed and rehabilitated in 5 targeted union councils.
·       Female beneficiaries made 2,540 shawls and 260 sweaters.
·       2540 shawls and 260 sweaters were distributed among other identified beneficiaries. 

Winter Food Security Assistance for Flood Affected People of Distt. Kohistan

Project Title:             Winter Food Security Assistance for Flood Affected People
Funding Agency:      Malteser International
Project Duration:      Jan- April, 2012
Project Cost:            Pak Rs. 2.9 Million
Project Location:     District Kohistan

Emergency WASH Response for Temporarily Displaced People- Jalozai Camp (KPK)

Emergency WASH Response for Temporarily Displaced People- Jalozai Camp (KPK)

Funding Agency:   Oxfam/ERF/ECHO/DFATD/UNICEF
Project Cost:         PKR 92 million
Project Duration:   
May 2012- June, 2015
Project Location:   Jalozai District Nowshera                           

Project Background: 

Khyber Pukhtunkhwa (KP) has historically held a strategic importance in the region as it is the gateway between Central Asia, Middle East and the vast plains of the Indian Subcontinent. The centre of this has been localized in the remote moutains and the valleys of Pakistan's northwest frontier region including the tribal belt of FATA and KP.

Counter terrorism military operations launched in the region since July 2008 has resulted in the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people. A large number of the population has been displaced, as a result of sectarian violence and security operations by the government against non-state armed groups in FATA. In January 2012 the Government of Pakistan launched a fresh security operation in Khyber Agency resulting in an upsurge in violence and more large scale displacement, peaking in March and April 2012. According to the latest updates from UNHC 165,546 families have been displaced from Bajaur, Kurram, Orakzai and South Waziristan Agencie. In response, the Government of Pakistan has established three IDPs camps i.e. Jalozai in Nowshehra district, Togh Serai in Hangu district and New Durrani camp in Kurram Agency, to accommodate and provide relief assistance to the displaced communities. All three camps are operational, amongst which Jalozai camp hosts most of the IDPs displaced from Khyber Agency.

Initially the Government had planned to close all the IDPs camps in KP and FATA and ensure a safe return of IDPs to their places of origin by December 2013 but due to the continued turmoil, uncertain security situation and continued insurgency in Khyber and other agencies, the repatriation plan could not be executed until de-notification of these areas (i.e. that the area is safe, secure and cleared for their return). The Government has no clear plan for repatriation of IDPs residing in Jalozai Camp. Discussions have been initiated since July 2013 to relocate IDPs (approximately 5,000 families) from Phase 4,5,6 to phase 1,2,3,7,8  however, no action has been taken since then to start the relocation process. In discussion with the WASH cluster, Camp Management (PDMA) and UNICEF, expected number of IDPs families to be moved to phases 7 and 8 will be 1,500 IDP families which will further increase the number of IDPs in these two phases.

Based on the initial rapid needs assessment conducted in April 2012 and discussions with relevant stakeholders, LASOONA in collaboration with Oxfam launched a WASH response in Jalozai Camp in May 2012. Since then LASOONA has been providing safe water, carrying out health promotion activities in phase 7 and 8 and repairing, rehabilitating or constructing water and sanitation facilities across the camp as identified through a joint baseline assessment of all phases of the camp.
Responding to the growing population in camp, humanitarian agencies have established their hubs in camps and providing relief assistance. But many of the humanitarian needs are still unmet. According to the WASH cluster many of the organizations working in the WASH sector are running out of funds. Keeping in view the expected unprecedented influx of displaced families in Jalozai camp due to the complex situation developed in tribal areas, the authorities have allocated more space. But the developmental work is slow and needs to be speed up.
Project Goal:  
To ensure safe environment and equitable access to water, sanitation, hygiene facilities for  24992 conflict affected women, men and children in Jalozai camp in Nowshehra District.
Project Components:
·       Water Supply
·       Sanitation
·       Hygiene Promotion
Brief Description of the Project Components
1.       Water                                                                                                                                                    
Running of two number of tube wells for consistent, chlorinated water supply
Installation of HDPE water storage tanks
Construction of Tap Stands
Water Tankering
2.       Sanitation
Installation of VIP latrines (pit latrines)
Installation of Bathing Spaces
Installation of latrines for EVIs (Extremely Vulnerable Persons)
Construction of soakage pits
Construction of Laundry Spaces
Construction of Solid Waste Collection Points
3.       Hygiene Promotion
Hygiene Promotion Sessions
Child to Child Activities
Distribution of Hygiene Kits


The Agribusiness Project (ASF).

The Agribusiness Project (ASF).

Funding Agency:      United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through Agribusiness Support Fund (ASF)
Project Cost :            PKR 33.5 million
Project Duration:       
October 2012-April 2015
Project Location:       District Swat, Dir (L), Malakand, Swabi of KPK & District Diamir- Gilgit Baltistan

Project Background
Agriculture is the mainstay of Pakistan’s economy. Nearly 22% of the total output and 44.8% of the total employment are generated in agriculture, and 65.9% of the country’s population living in rural areas is directly or indirectly linked with agriculture for their livelihood. It contributes substantially to the country’s exports. Agriculture also contributes to growth as a supplier of the raw material to industry as well as market for industrial products.

Despite the backbone of the economy of Pakistan, agricultural sector is still suffering from many problems. Horticulture as a major sub sector of agriculture not only makes a major contribution to the foreign exchange earnings of the country but it also meet the fruits and vegetables demand of the local population.  Horticultural products have enormous potential in terms of quality and quantity of the produce, but itself it is facing problems not only in the production process but also after harvest. The major problems at the post harvest level are high post harvest losses up to i.e. 25 to 40 percent, narrow base of exportable products, low market prices, high production costs, difficulties in maintaining quality at the destinations, inadequate local and international market information, research on Pre- and Post harvest is either not commercialized or limited due to Infrastructure problems and low R&D Budget, lack of training opportunities, lack of implementation on the available information, lack of credit facility/difficulty in getting institutional credit facilities for the induction of modern technology, lack of suitable packing materials, lack of suitable transportation facilities and lack of storage/cold storage facilities.
Goal: To support improved conditions for broad-based economic growth, create employment opportunities and contribute to poverty alleviation through increase in competitiveness of horticulture and livestock value chains in partnership with all stakeholders.
Objectives of the project
a. To strengthen the capacity in horticulture and livestock value chains to increase sales to domestic and foreign markets;
b. To strengthen the capacity of smallholders and farmer enterprises to operate autonomously and effectively; and
c. To increase agriculture efficiency and productivity through adoption of new farming techniques and technological innovation among targeted beneficiaries.
Project Components:
·       FEGs Formation
·       Capacity building of FEGs
·       Facilitation of FEGs for grant financing from ASF
·       Formation of Clusters & Apex Bodies
Brief Description of the Project Components
1.       Farmers Enterprise Groups (FEGs) Formation
Farmer Enterprise Groups upon entering into partnership with project will be formally registered with
LASOONA. Farmer Enterprise Groups will also be registered with registering bodies like social welfare.
2.       Capacity Building of FEGs
The sole philosophy behind farmers’ capacity building is to bridge the gap between knowledge holders and knowledge users. Efforts will be invested to fill the space by involving local experts having an in depth understanding of farmer’s needs and problems in the cultural context. Farmers and group specific capacity building needs will be identified through a systematic exercise soon after signing TOP. Two types of trainings will be provided to the FEGs. Social or managerial trainings consisting trainings on record keeping, group management, enterprise development and leadership, will be imparted in order for the FEGs to demonstrate sustainability in terms of continued functioning, and effective project implementation. During the project tenure each FEG will be provided two trainings on social and managerial skills. Capacity building will also include trainings of FEGs key office bearers on group functioning and development of by-laws along with technical trainings like postharvest handling, grading & packing of horticulture products, processing of fish, floriculture, nursery raising, screen houses, tunnel farming, off season vegetable especially cool season vegetables production etc. A total 15 technical trainings shall be imparted on the above mentioned themes. Key group members (farmers from each FEG) will participate in technical trainings. For both regions, during the project life, 15 technical trainings will be organized and imparted.
3.       Facilitation of FEGs for obtaining Grant Financing from Agribusiness Project
LASOONA will make every possible effort to support FEGs in availing grant financing from USAID Agribusiness Project (UAP) by ensuring grant compliance. They will be supported in grant application process along with documentation requirement. According to the FEGs need, LASOONA’s value chain officer placed in project implementation unit and Grant Officer at PMU will assist in preparation of project proposals. He/she will also provide assistance in ensuring in time allocation of funds for which he/she will be actively involved in maintaining coordination with the UAP. Upon grant approval, FEG members will be oriented on UAP financial regulations and conditionality’s associated with grant disbursement following signing of grant agreement between office bearers of FEG and concerned regional coordinator-LASOONA. FEGs will also be assisted in opening bank accounts in the name of FEG. Project staff will closely monitor activity progress of each approved FEG project at each stage of the project cycle. Concerted effort will be made to strengthen FEGs capacity to utilize UAP grant in an efficient manner for making agribusiness activity successful. LASOONA staff will facilitate coordination with UAP and FEGs for identification of business development service provider (BDSP) or procurement of inputs.
Besides, submitting reimbursement claims of FEGs along with narrative and financial reporting on the progress of project to ASF/UAP will also be the responsibility of LASOONA.
.       Formation of Clusters and Apex Bodies (Associations)
Upon attaining maturity in terms of consistency, progressively pursuing business plans and upscaling activities, FEGs will be clustered and apex bodies. FEGs having similar agribusiness background will be mobilized and gathered on one plate-form to establish clusters. Similar agribusiness activity and close geographic annexation will form the basis for clustering. For instance, the FEG consisting producers of strawberry will be gathered to form one cluster, which will be named after the enterprise. These bodies will have their bylaws and will hold regular meetings. LASOONA will also facilitate clusters to develop modules for each cluster of similar enterprises to provide guidelines for running the enterprises on profitable basis ensuring efficiency and innovation. The modules will also be helpful in disseminating information of different enterprises to be replicated by the interested farmers. Similarly, the clusters will nominate their representative to be included in the Apex body formed at the district level. The Apex Body- being a sustainable network of FEGs will play due role in protecting interests of producers, processors and market players to enhance their bargaining power and provide them platform to collect market information, identify suitable market, develop linkages with the respective market and sell products. The body will also provide opportunity to interact with government and other organizations for the development of agribusiness sector.
LASOONA will facilitate clusters and apex bodies in securing grants from UAP/ASF in case the clusters and apex bodies could put forward viable business ideas.

Malakand Rehabilitation Project (MRP)- Housing Construction/Livelihoods Improvement

Malakand Rehabilitation Project (MRP)- Housing Construction/Livelihoods Improvement

Project Title:             Malakand Rehabilitation Project (Housing & Livelihoods)
Funding Agency:      Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Project duration:      March- October, 2012
Project Cost:            Pak Rs. 6.5 Million
Project Location:     District Swat

Hand Embellished Fabrics Value Chain Project

Hand Embellished Fabrics Value Chain Project

Funding Agency:          MEDA/USAID
Project Cost:                 PKR. 59 million
Project Duration:          June 2011 to May 2014
Project Location:          Districts: Swat, Malakand & Dir lower

Project Background:

The Hand Embellished Fabrics Value Chain Project is supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and MEDA Pakistan. This is a nationwide project being implemented across Pakistan covering all the four provinces: Khyber Pakhtun Khaw (KPK), South Punjab, Karachi & Interior Sindh, and North Balochistan. The project aims to increase the incomes of 75,000 micro-entrepreneurs mostly the women as target beneficiaries by at least 50 percent engaged in various value chains. Following Value Chain Development approach, the Entrepreneurs project is working in four selected value chains including: dairy, honey, MAP and Embellished Fabric. The Hand Embellished Fabric (HEF) is a value chain that provides incomes to tens of thousands of women embellishers in Pakistan. Hand embellishment is an activity undertaken primarily by women living mostly in low income communities across Pakistan. There are hundreds of thousands of skilled women embellishers (WEs) across the country.  Each province of Pakistan has its own unique style of hand embellishments. Interventions in this value chain demonstrate tremendous potential and opportunities to increase the incomes of these women. Swati embroidery is very famous not only within Pakistan, but also in European and Gulf countries. The demand for such work has attracted thousands of households engaged in this enterprise. Particularly important is embroidery on cloths/Shawls/dresses and accessories. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, socio-cultural norms restrict women from going to the market place. Limited mobility of women results in increased inability of women embellishers to interact with the markets, with the result that these women, despite their intensive labor earn less than the worth of their unique embellishing skills.

With the objective of increasing income of 10,000 beneficiaries of Embellished Fabric, LASOONA is implementing the project in Swat, Malakand and Lower Dir districts. 

Goal: To increase income of Women Embellishers by 50% at the end of the project.

Objectives of the project:
Improving Women Embellisher’s production capacity through imparting better skills, improving product quality, training on business planning, marketing, and management techniques, establishing sustainable linkages to product and service providers and input suppliers, and assisting them in developing marketing linkages with middle to high end markets

Brief Description of the Project Components:

Registration of WE’s and FSA’s
LASOONA Mobilization team will identify 10000 Women Embellishers (WE’s) and 300 Female Sales Agents (FSA’s) with details of monthly income, product generation and registered them for trainings and input, market and supply linkages. The WE’s will be linked with all 300 Female Sales Agents (FSA’s) through Women Embellishers Group (WEG). Each group will consist of a maximum of 35 members. The FSA’s will assist WE’s in providing of quality inputs, Market access, dealing on price and micro enterprise.

Training for business skills
The 300 registered FSA’s will be trained in Designing innovation and Marketing skills and will be provided Exposure visits and taking to various exhibitions. They will be linked to the market and with various input suppliers.

Business Development Services
Micro Finance Institutions will be identified for provision of loans to small micro entrepreneurs so to develop businesses and quality products and earn maximum.

Community Based Child Protection Project

Community Based Child Protection Project

Project Title:          Establishing Community Based Child Protection Systems
Funding Agency:   Save the Children/SIDA
Project Cost:          PKR 5.6 Million
Project Duration:    April-Nov. 2012
Project Location:    District Swat

Project Background
A devastated flood of 2010 affected all walks of life i.e., livelihood, agriculture, Livestock, Health facilities, infrastructure and Education facilities. Due to obliteration of Education facilities, round about 75000 children challenged protection issues.
Save the Children is the leading independent organization creating lasting change in the lives of children in need around the world. Recognized for our commitment to accountability, innovation and collaboration, our work takes us into the heart of communities, where we help children and families help themselves. We work with other organizations, governments, non-profits and a variety of local partners while maintaining our own independence without political agenda or religious orientation.

To address and settle down these issues LASOONA in collaboration with Save the Children has initiated a project Establishment of Community Based Child Protection System in District Swat. In this regard Five Learning and Development Centers have been established in four UCs and two Tehsils of District Swat. Two teachers have been hired for each LDC; the total number of teachers’ for five LDC was ten. In the month of August five LDCs handed over by SC to LASOONA for further supervision, the target set for these LDCs are forty five children enrollment for each LDC.

Project Goal
Support SCI in establishing/strengthening District Child Protection Systems for the provision of immediate protection to about 75,000 children affected by the floods in Swat district of Pakistan by the end of 2012

Project Components
1. Identification and selection of LDC, Learning and Development Centers
2. Community Mobilization
3. Organizing trainings for Community Based Child Protection monitoring (including Case Identification and making referrals)
4. Capacity building of community on recognizing the Sign and Symptoms of CSA and harmful Effects of Early Marriages
5. Conduct awareness raising Campaign
6. Organizing Community Dialogue on key Child Protection Issues
7. Providing secretarial support to the Media task Force and CP Action Forum
8. Capacity building of children on Child Rights and Self Protection

Project Achievements:-
• Established five Learning and Development Centers (LDC)
• LDC Teachers Trained on Management skills and Multi-grade Teaching methodologies, Convention for the Rights of Children (CRC)
• Conducted ten trainings of community male/female respectively on recognizing Sign and Symptoms of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) Prevention of CSA and harmful effects of Early Marriages
• Conducted ten trainings of children on Child Rights and Self Protection
• Organized and conducted ten Community Dialogues on Child Protection Key Issues
• Organized and conducted ten trainings on Community Based Child Protection Committees on Cluster Based Approach on Child Protection Monitoring including Case Identification and making referral.
• Conduction of one Awareness Raising Campaign
• Capacity building of Media Task Force and CP Action Forum on key CP issues, including secretarial support provision to the above mentioned.
• Referred 715 children who were involved in Child Labor, out of school, drop out.

Increasing Resilience: Reducing Vulnerabilites and Strengthening Coping Capacities in Disaster-prone communities of Khyber Pukhtukhwa Province.

Funding Agency:  Malteser International and BMZ
Project Cost:          Pak Rs. 20 million
Project Duration:  
August 2012-August 2013
Project Location:  District Kohistan

Project Background
Pakistan has faced a worse flood in July 2010, a disaster of a century that inundated roads, schools, hospitals and destroyed one fifth of the country. 
Disaster need assessment report concluded that July flood has affected 58797 square km area, while more than 20 million people have been directly affected. In four provinces and AJK 2093 hectare crop area, 316 thousand large and 1.2 million small ruminants lost during floods.
The situation in Kohistan is not very different from other districts where the severely affected valleys Palas, Pattan and Dubair in district Kohistan received severe losses in terms of accessibilities/communication and livelihoods.
To minimize the sufferings of flood affected communities in Kohistan, LASOONA initiated a project with the technical and financial assistance of Malteser International and BMZ. The project focuses on livelihood rehabilitation and disaster mitigation with integrated interventions and approaches to enhance food productions. Overall goal of the project is to decrease household vulnerability to disasters through mitigation interventions and improved or diversified livelihood practices. The project is being implemented in four union councils of district Kohistan i.e. Sherakot, Kuz Paro, Kolai and Pattan.
 Project objective:
To decrease household vulnerability to disasters through mitigation interventions and improved or diversified livelihood practices.
Brief Description of the Project Components
1.       CFW/Community Infrastructure schemes
Beneficiaries were selected based on their age (between the ages of 18 and 60), residence in the target village, their economic status (average income less than PKR 5,000/month with preference to households who have no regular income source, tenants, and/or those who rely primarily on daily wage labor), and family size (preference to low-income households with 10 or more dependents). The projects were sought to engage persons with disabilities and older persons for activities such as supervision and record maintenance. In the case that sufficient skilled laborers cannot be found in the target village, skilled laborers were engaged from neighboring villages or from within the UC.
2.       Livelihoods/Food Security Activities
·        Kitchen Gardens: Beneficiaries must have access to approximately ¼ kanal of land for planting, be willing to attend the full training program, and not own proper gardening tools. This activity was given strong preference to vulnerable women-headed families.
·           Livestock Protection: Beneficiaries must be livestock holders (cows, buffalos, sheep or goats), and preference was given to households who own and rely on only 1-3 animals. With respect to fodder crops, beneficiaries must have access to land for planting.
·          Community Livestock Workers: Requirements for selection were include: permanent resident of the target UC, recommendation from the community, minimum 10th grade education, experience with keeping livestock (large and small), willing to complete the full in-residence training program, willing to provide extension services to community.
·           Poultry: Beneficiaries must have access to sufficient space for poultry rearing, be willing to voluntarily provide a appropriate poultry enclosure, and complete the full training program in advance of distribution. This activity will give strong preference to vulnerable women-headed families, persons with disabilities, and tenants.
·     Food Processing and Preservation: Beneficiaries must have access to food (via buying or growing) for preservation and must be willing to complete the full training program. This activity was given strong preference to vulnerable women-headed families.
·       Tunnel Cultivation: To ensure full transparency, V-DRMCs or other extent village organization were actively involved in the selection of the 8 tunnel locations. Clear criteria was communicated to the full community, including: at least 1 kanal of land that can be spared for the establishment of the tunnel, considerable previous experience with growing vegetables, irrigated water availability, demonstrated willingness to adopt new and innovative horticultural techniques, willingness to share knowledge and have field days on their farm. Selection was based on a thorough and transparent application and vetting process by LASOONA, Malteser International and community representatives.
·           Agroforestry/Bio-engineering: Intervention selection was based on feasibility, budget, and appropriateness with respect to vulnerable beneficiaries and overall value to the community. Labor was provided on a voluntary basis by the households that are directly benefiting from the intervention.

LASOONA affirms to be committed to the well being of masses through promoting ecologically sound developement in impoverished pockets of Pakistan in general and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa in particular.